Karnataka Board PUCPUC Science 2nd PUC Class 12

Find the Diameter of the Image of the Moon Formed by a Spherical Concave Mirror of Focal Length 7.6 M. the Diameter of the Moon is 3450 Km and the Distance Between the Earth - Physics

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Sum

Find the diameter of the image of the moon formed by a spherical concave mirror of focal length 7.6 m. The diameter of the moon is 3450 km and the distance between the earth and the moon is 3.8 × 105 km.

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Solution

Given,
Focal length of the concave mirror, f = − 7.6 m
Distance between earth and moon taken as object distance, u = −3.8 × 105 km
Diameter of moon = 3450 km
Using mirror equation:
\[\Rightarrow   \frac{1}{v} = \frac{1}{u} + \frac{1}{f}\]
\[\therefore   \frac{1}{v} + \left( - \frac{1}{3 . 8 \times {10}^8} \right) = \left( - \frac{1}{7 . 6} \right)\]
As we know, the distance of moon from earth is very large as compared to focal length it can be taken as ∞.
Therefore, image of the moon will be formed at focus, which is inverted. 
\[\Rightarrow   \frac{1}{v} =  - \frac{1}{7 . 6}\] 
⇒ v = −7.6 m

We know that magnification is given by:
\[m =  - \frac{v}{u} = \frac{d_{image}}{d_{object}}\]
\[\Rightarrow   \frac{- ( - 7 . 6)}{( - 3 . 8 \times {10}^8 )} = \frac{d_{image}}{3450 \times {10}^3}\] 
\[d_{image}  =  - \frac{3450 \times 7 . 6 \times {10}^3}{3 . 8 \times {10}^8}\] = \[-\] 0.069 m = -6.9 cm
Hence, the required diameter of the image of moon is 6.9 cm.

Concept: Concave Mirror
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Chapter 18: Geometrical Optics - Exercise [Page 413]

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HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 1
Chapter 18 Geometrical Optics
Exercise | Q 9 | Page 413

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