Find the Coordinates of the Points Which Divide the Line Segment Joining A (- 2, 2) and B (2, 8) into Four Equal Parts. - Mathematics

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Sum

Find the coordinates of the points which divide the line segment joining A (- 2, 2) and B (2, 8) into four equal parts.

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Solution 1

From the figure, it can be observed that points P, Q, R are dividing the line segment in a ratio 1:3, 1:1, 3:1 respectively.

Coordinates of P =

`((1xx2+3xx(-2))/(1+3),(1xx8+3xx2)/(1+3))`

`= (-1, 7/2)`

Coordinates of Q = `((2+(-2))/2, (2+8)/2)`

= (0,5)

Coordinates of R = `((3xx2+1xx(-2))/(3+1), (3xx8+1xx2)/(3+1))`

`=(1,13/2)`

Solution 2

The coordinates of the midpoint `(x_m,y_m)` between two points `(x_1,y_1)` and `(x_2,y_2)` is given by,

`(x_m,y_m) = ((x_1 + x_2)/2)"," ((y_1 + y_2)/2)`

Here we are supposed to find the points which divide the line joining A(-2,2) and B(2,8) into 4 equal parts.

We shall first find the midpoint M(x, y) of these two points since this point will divide the line into two equal parts.

`(x_m, y_m)  = ((-2+2)/2)","((2+ 8)/2)`

`(x_m, y_m) = (0,5)`

So the point M(0,5) splits this line into two equal parts.

Now, we need to find the midpoint of A(-2,2) and M(0,5) separately and the midpoint of B(2,8) and M(0,5). These two points along with M(0,5) split the line joining the original two points into four equal parts.

Let M_1(e,d) be the midpoint of A(−2,2) and M(0,5).

`(e,d) = ((-2 + 0)/2)"," ((2 +5)/2)`

`(e,d) = (-1, 7/2)`

Now let `M_2(g,h)` bet the midpoint of B(2,8) and M(0,5).

`(g,h) = ((2 +0)/2)","((8 + 5)/2)`

`(g,h) = (1, 13/2)`

Hence the co-ordinates of the points which divide the line joining the two given points are (-1, 7/2), (0, 5) and (1, 13/2)

Concept: Section Formula
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Chapter 7: Coordinate Geometry - Exercise 7.2 [Page 167]

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NCERT Mathematics Class 10
Chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry
Exercise 7.2 | Q 9 | Page 167
RD Sharma Class 10 Maths
Chapter 6 Co-Ordinate Geometry
Exercise 6.3 | Q 40 | Page 30

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