Find the coordinates of the points which divide the line segment joining A (- 2, 2) and B (2, 8) into four equal parts.

#### Solution 1

From the figure, it can be observed that points P, Q, R are dividing the line segment in a ratio 1:3, 1:1, 3:1 respectively.

Coordinates of P =

`((1xx2+3xx(-2))/(1+3),(1xx8+3xx2)/(1+3))`

`= (-1, 7/2)`

Coordinates of Q = `((2+(-2))/2, (2+8)/2)`

= (0,5)

Coordinates of R = `((3xx2+1xx(-2))/(3+1), (3xx8+1xx2)/(3+1))`

`=(1,13/2)`

#### Solution 2

The coordinates of the midpoint `(x_m,y_m)` between two points `(x_1,y_1)` and `(x_2,y_2)` is given by,

`(x_m,y_m) = (((x_1 + x_2)/2)"," ((y_1 + y_2)/2))`

Here we are supposed to find the points which divide the line joining *A*(-2*,*2) and *B*(2*,*8) into 4 equal parts.

We shall first find the midpoint M(*x, y*)* *of these two points since this point will divide the line into two equal parts.

`(x_m, y_m) = (((-2+2)/2)","((2+ 8)/2))`

`(x_m, y_m) = (0,5)`

So the point *M*(0*,*5) splits this line into two equal parts.

Now, we need to find the midpoint of *A*(-2*,*2) and *M*(0*,*5) separately and the midpoint of *B*(2*,*8) and *M*(0*,*5). These two points along with *M*(0*,*5) split the line joining the original two points into four equal parts.

Let M_1(e,d) be the midpoint of *A*(−2*,*2) and *M*(0*,*5).

`(e,d) = (((-2 + 0)/2)"," ((2 +5)/2))`

`(e,d) = (-1, 7/2)`

Now let `M_2(g,h)` bet the midpoint of *B*(2*,*8) and *M*(0*,*5).

`(g,h) = ((2 +0)/2)","((8 + 5)/2)`

`(g,h) = (1, 13/2)`

Hence the co-ordinates of the points which divide the line joining the two given points are (-1, 7/2), (0, 5) and (1, 13/2)