Figure A and B given below show two types of settlement patterns that have developed in India
(i) Name the settlement patterns in Figures A and B.
(ii) State one characteristic feature of each of the settlement patterns.
Settlement patterns in :
Figure A: Checker Board or Rectangular pattern.
Figure B: Star-like pattern.
The characteristic features are :
The Checkerboard or rectangular pattern of settlement develops in villages at the meeting place of two roads. The streets are either parallel or perpendicular to each other and the settlement takes a rectangular shape. These are found in the northern plains, especially in the Ganga-Yamuna Doab and also in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh states of South India.
A village acquires a star-like pattern of settlement when streets radiate from a common center. Such villages are found in Tamil Nadu and in the Upper Ganga plain.