Fig shows part of the arrangement for obtaining pure spectrum.
(a) Complete thediagram and show how to obtain a pure spectrum.
(b) What are the conditions necessary for obtaining a pure spectrum?
A pure spectrum is that spectrum in which the different colours are distinctly seen without any overlapping. Following conditions must be satisfied to get a pure spectrum.
- The slit (placed in front of the source) must be narrow as possible. A wide slit is equivalent to a large number of narrow slits placed side by side. Each narrow slit will give its own spectrum. So, there will be overlapping of different spectra.
- The ray of light in the incident beam must be parallel to each other. This is achieved by using a convex lens. A convex lens should be so placed that the slit is at its focus.The convex lens used in this way is called collimating lens while the beam emerging out of this lens is called collimated beam.
If the incident beam is parralel, Then in the refracted beam, all the rays of the same colour will be parallel and will be focussed seperately.
- The prism must be placed in the minimum deviation position. When the prism is placed in the position of minimum deviation, all the rays are deviated by equal amounts. This ensures freedom from overlappng.
- On emergence from the prism, all rays of one colour should form a parallel beam of their own. if a convex lens is suitably placed in the path of these rays, then each parallel beam will come to its own focus. In this way, a pure spectrum will be obtained.