Fig. 5 shows a uniform meter scale weighing 200 gf. Provided at its centre. Two weights 300 gf and 500 gf are suspended from the ruler as shown in the diagram. Calculate the resultant torque of the ruler and hence calculate the distance from mid-point where a 100 gf should be suspended to balance the meter scale.
Resultant torque = sum of clockwise moments - sum of anticlockwise moments
Taking, moments about the mid point
Resulttant torque = (300 x 40) - (500 x 20)
or, Resultant torque = 12000 - 10000 = 2000 gf-cm
Let a mass of 100 gf be suspended at a distance 'd' from the mid point towards the right side,
so as to balance the metre scale.
Then, in balanced condition:
sum of clockwise moments = sum of anticlockwise moments
(300 x 40) = (500 x 20) + (100 x d)
or, 12000 = 10000 + 100d
or, 100d = 2000
or,d = 20cm to the right of the mid-point