Features of organizing?
Introduction: - organizing is next to planning. It is a process of identifying and bringing all the resources i.e. men, material, machines, money and methods together and uses them properly for achieving the objectives. Organizing brings together physical, financial, and human resources and develops productive relationship amongst them. Organizing is a process whereby one defines the activities and establishes the relationship amongst them to achieve organizational objectives.
Definition: - ““The process of identifying and grouping of the work to be performed, defining and delegating responsibility and authority, and establishing a pattern of relationship for the purpose of enabling people to work most effectively together in accomplishing objectives”.Defined by… (Louis Allen)
The Nature of Organizing can be briefly explained as follows:
- Organizing as a process: - Organizing is a step-by-step process which consists of 8 steps each step is an important task to be performed by the administrators working at the top level of management: i. fixes the common objectives,
Grouping of related activities, Defining the responsibility, Delegating authority to staff members, Relationship between superiors and subordinates, provision of requirements for achieving the objectives like money, machines, materials, etc., co-ordination for achieving the common objectives of the organization.
- Division of work: -The working of an organization is centered on the concept of specialized division of work. The division of work is assigning responsibility for each organizational activity to a specific individual or group of people. It also increases the efficiency and effectiveness of employees in an organization.
- Co-ordination: - Organization is a means of creating co-ordination among different departments. It creates good relationships among employees and ensures mutual co-operation among individuals. Co-ordination increases the success rate and desired goals can be achieved.
- Goal-oriented: -Every organization has its own objectives and goals. Organizing is the main function employed to achieve the individual goals of the employees with overall objectives of the firm.
- Group of Individuals: - Individuals form a group and the groups form an organization. Thus, the organization is the composition of individuals and groups. Individuals are grouped into departments and their work is coordinated and directed towards achievements of organizational goals.
- Integration: -The Organization divides the entire work and assigns the tasks to individuals in order to achieve the organizational objectives. Each one has to perform task and tasks of one individual must be co-ordinated with the tasks of others. Collectively these tasks at the final stage are called integration.
- Continuity: -An organization is a group of people in which they work together to achieve the goals of that organization. This relationship does not come to an end after completing the task. Organizing is a never-ending process.
- Common Targets: -Top-level management set the overall goals for an organization. It is an integrated and collective effort from all the employees towards the achievements of common targets or goals set-up by an organization.
- Decision Making: -Top Management has a right and power to take decisions. It is a task of a manager to get the things done from the subordinates in the most efficient and effective manner.
- Authority and Responsibility: -When a particular activity or group of activities is assigned to an individual, he becomes responsible for those activities. A manager can discharge his responsibility properly only when he has been given proper authority to take the right decisions.