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[Fe(H2O)6]3+ is strongly paramagnetic whereas [Fe(CN)6]3− is weakly paramagnetic. Explain. - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Chemistry

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Question

[Fe(H2O)6]3+ is strongly paramagnetic whereas [Fe(CN)6]3− is weakly paramagnetic. Explain.

Solution

In both [Fe(H_2O)_6]^(3+) and [Fe(CN)_6]^(3-) Fe exists in the +3 oxidation state i.e., in d5 configuration.

Since CN is a strong field ligand, it causes the pairing of unpaired electrons. Therefore, there is only one unpaired electron left in the d-orbital.

Therefore,

`mu = sqrt(n(n+2))`

`=sqrt(1(1+2))`

`=sqrt3`

=1.732 BM

On the other hand, H2O is a weak field ligand. Therefore, it cannot cause the pairing of electrons. This means that the number of unpaired electrons is 5.

Therefore,

`mu = sqrt(n(n+2))`

`=sqrt(5(5+2))`

=sqrt35

=6 BM

Thus it is evident that `[Fe(H_2O)_6]^(3+)` is strongly paramagnetic, while `[Fe(CN)_6]^(3-)`is weakly paramagnetic

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APPEARS IN

 NCERT Solution for Chemistry Textbook for Class 12 (2018 to Current)
Chapter 9: Coordinate Compounds
Q: 7 | Page no. 254
Solution [Fe(H2O)6]3+ is strongly paramagnetic whereas [Fe(CN)6]3− is weakly paramagnetic. Explain. Concept: Bonding in Coordination Compounds - Magnetic Properties of Coordination Compounds.
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