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Factual Situation: A, Soldier, Fires on a Mob by the Order of His Superior Officer, in Conformity with the Commands of the Law. - Legal Reasoning


Given below is a statement of legal principle followed by a factual situation. Apply the principle to the facts given below and select the most appropriate answer.

LEGAL PRINCIPLE: Nothing is an offense which is done by any person who is, or who by reason of a mistake of fact, in good faith, believes himself to be bound by law to do it.

FACTUAL SITUATION: A, soldier, fires on a mob by the order of his superior officer, in conformity with the commands of the law. B is killed due to such firing. Is A guilty of murder? DECISION:


  • Yes, he should have taken cars to avoid any innocent person from being killed.

  • No, he is bound by law to do it.

  • Yes, as he has killed a person.

  • The superior officer is guilty.

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No, he is bound by law to do it.

Concept: Criminal Law
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