Factual Situation: a and B Entered into a Contract, Whereby a Agreed to Get Married to B If Her Parents Paid a Rs. 1,00,000 before the Wedding. B'S Parents Failed to Pay the Promised Amount. - Legal Reasoning

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Given below is a statement of legal principle followed by a factual situation. Apply the principle to the facts and select the most appropriate answer.

Principle: The object of an agreement is lawful unless it is forbidden by law; is of such a nature that, if permitted, it would defeat the provisions of any law; is fraudulent; involves or implies injury to the person or property of another person; the court regards it as immoral; it is opposed to public policy.

Factual Situation: A and B entered into a contract, whereby A agreed to get married to B if her parents paid A Rs. 1,00,000 before the wedding. B's parents failed to pay the promised amount. A sues B and her parents.

Options

  • A will succeed because all the requirements of a  contract are met

  • A will succeed since the payment of the amount was  the condition precedent for the wedding

  • A will not succeed since the contract is void, its object  being against the law

  • A will not succeed since B was not a party to the  contract

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Solution

A will not succeed since the contract is void, its object being against the law

Explanation:

In this case, the purpose of the contract is against the public policy and morals as mentioned in the principle. Getting married on demanding money is morally and legally unlawful. Therefore this is not a valid contract and option 'A will not succeed since the contract is void, its object being against the law" is correct.

Concept: Contract Law
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FACTUAL SITUATION: Ram sends a telegram to Sohan, writing: “Will you sell me your Rolls Royce car? Telegram the lowest cash price.” Sohan also replied by telegram: “Lowest price for the car is 20 lakh.” Ram immediately sent his consent through telegram stating: “I agree to buy the car for 20 lakh asked by you.” Sohan refused to sell the car. 

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FACTUAL SITUATION: Surender agreed to deliver a specific quality of rice to Sonakshi identified by both of them. Before delivery, the rice was burnt by a short circuit. Is Surender discharged from the performance of the contract?

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Apply the legal principles to the facts given below and select the most appropriate answer.

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1. A contract comes into being from the acceptance of an offer, When the person to whom the offer is made signifies his assent thereto, the proposal is said to be accepted and the parties are at consensus and idem regarding the terms of the agreement.
2. Consideration is something that moves from the promise to the promisor, at the implied or express request of the latter, in return for his promise. The item that moves can be a right. interest, profit, loss, responsibility given or suffered, forbearance, or a benefit which is of some value in the eyes of law.
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