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Explain, Why Are Boiling Points of Carboxylic Acids Higher than Corresponding Alcohols - Chemistry

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Explain, why are boiling points of carboxylic acids higher than corresponding alcohols

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Solution

The boiling points of carboxylic acids are higher than the corresponding alcohols because

  • Carboxylic acids have a high boiling point because of their ability to form intermolecular hydrogen bonds.
  • Hydrogen bonds formed in carboxylic acids are stronger than those in alcohols.
  • The –OH bond in –COOH is more strongly polarised than the –OH bond of alcohols. This is because of the presence of an electron-withdrawing carboxyl group in an adjacent position in carboxylic acids.
Concept: Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids
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