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Explain the Structural isomerism term with example. - Science and Technology 1

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Answer in Brief

Explain the Structural isomerism term with example.

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Solution

It is a phenomenon in which the compounds having different structural formulae have the same molecular formula.

E.g. n-Butune and isobutane are structural isomers as they have different structural formulae but have a same molecular formula: C4H10.

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\\
|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\\
\ce{H - C - C - C - C - H}\\
|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\\
\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\\\end{array}\]

n-Butane (C4H10)

Isobutane (C4H10)

Concept: Covalent Bond
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