Answer in Brief
Explain the steps involved in the lawmaking process.
Indian democracy has a federal structure of government. Here laws at made and interpreted at different levels by the union and state governments. The legislative process in India is as below –
- Introduction of a bill by the members of the Parliament for consideration in either of the two houses of the Parliament.
- Publication of the bill in the Gazette of India
- Referring the bill to a standing committee by the Speaker of Lok Sabha for examination.
- Second reading of the bill in consideration
- Passing of the bill in the respective house of the Parliament. Money bills are always to be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.
- After the bill is passed by one house of the Parliament, it is sent to the other house for approval. In the case of a money bill, the other house can keep the bill for a maximum of 14 days and in the case of an ordinary bill for 6 months without passing or rejecting it.
- In the case of an ordinary bill, the same process is repeated in the other house.
- After both the houses have passed the bill, it is sent to the President for approval after whose approval, the bill becomes an Act.
Concept: Parliament Make Laws
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