Answer in Brief
Explain the measures taken by Gandhiji to eliminate the problem of untouchability.
The efforts by Mahatma Gandhi to integrate untouchables in the national movements are as follows:
- He called the 'untouchables’ as Harijan or the children of God,
- He organized satyagraha to secure them entry into temples, and access to public wells, tanks, roads, and schools.
- He himself cleaned toilets to dignify the work of the bhangi (the sweepers), and persuaded upper castes to change their heart and give up ‘the sin of untouchability’.
- At the Karachi session of the Congress, in March 1931, Gandhiji drafted the Resolution on Fundamental Rights. Few sections of it were a legal attack on the institution of untouchability. Section 4 declared that all “citizens are equal before the law, irrespective of caste, creed or sex”.
Concept: Nationalism in India - Differing Strands Within the Movement
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