Explain the meaning of the statement ‘electric charge of a body is quantised’. - Physics

Short Note

Explain the meaning of the statement ‘electric charge of a body is quantised’.



Electric charge of a body is quantized. This means that only an integral (1, 2, …., n) number of electrons can be transferred from one body to the other. Charges are not transferred in fractions. Hence, a body possesses total charge only in integral multiples of electric charge.

Concept: Basic Properties of Electric Charge
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Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields - Exercise [Page 46]


NCERT Physics Class 12
Chapter 1 Electric Charges and Fields
Exercise | Q 1.4 (a) | Page 46
NCERT Physics Class 12
Chapter 1 Electric Charge and Fields
Exercise | Q 4.1 | Page 46


Does the charge given to a metallic sphere depend on whether it is hollow or solid? Give reason for your answer.

Consider the situation shown in the figure. What are the signs of q1 and q2? If the lines are drawn in proportion to the charges, what is the ratio q1/q2

A point charge is taken from a point A to a point B in an electric field. Does the work done by the electric field depend on the path of the charge?

When a charged comb is brought near a small piece of paper, it attracts the piece. Does the paper become charged when the comb is brought near it?

In Figure 1 below, a charge Q is fixed. Another charge q is moved along a circular arc MN of radius r around it, from the point M to the point N such that the length of the arc MN = l. The work done in this process is: 

figure 1

Choose the correct option.

Two charges of 1.0 C each are placed one meter apart in free space. The force between them will be

A metallic sphere A isolated from ground is charged to +50 μC. This sphere is brought in contact with other isolated metallics sphere B of half the radius of sphere A. The charge on the two-sphere will be now in the ratio

Choose the correct option.

Two-point charges of A = +5.0 μC and B = -5.0 μC are separated by 5.0 cm. A point charge C = 1.0 μC is placed at 3.0 cm away from the centre on the perpendicular bisector of the line joining the two point charges. The charge at C will experience a force directed towards

Answer the following question.

State the law of conservation of charge.

+2 C and +6 C two charges are repelling each other with a force of 12 N. If each charge is given -2 C of charge, then the value of the force will be ______

Let x = πR`(("P"^2 - "Q"^2)/2)`, where P, Q and Rare lengths. The physical quantity x is ______.

Conservation of charges in tribo electric charging _________.

Quantisation of charge was experimentally demonstrated by ______.

In annihilation process, in which an electron and a positron transform into two gamma rays, which property of electric charge is displayed?

The number of lines of force that radiate outwards from one coulomb of charge is:-

Eight dipoles of charge of magnitude ± e are placed inside a cube. The total electric flux coming out of the cube will be:-

A glass rod rubbed with silk is used to charge a gold-leaf electroscope and the leaves are observed to diverge. The electroscope thus charged is exposed to X-rays for a short period. Then ______

The dimensions of an atom are of the order of an Angstrom. Thus there must be large electric fields between the protons and electrons. Why, then is the electrostatic field inside a conductor zero?

A paisa coin is made up of Al-Mg alloy and weighs 0.75g. It has a square shape and its diagonal measures 17 mm. It is electrically neutral and contains equal amounts of positive and negative charges.

Treating the paisa coins made up of only Al, find the magnitude of equal number of positive and negative charges. What conclusion do you draw from this magnitude?

Consider a coin of Example 1.20. It is electrically neutral and contains equal amounts of positive and negative charge of magnitude 34.8 kC. Suppose that these equal charges were concentrated in two point charges seperated by (i) 1 cm `(∼ 1/2 xx "diagonal of the one paisa coin")`, (ii) 100 m (~ length of a long 6 building) and (iii) 106 m (radius of the earth). Find the force on each such point charge in each of the three cases. What do you conclude from these results?

Figure represents a crystal unit of cesium chloride, CsCl. The cesium atoms, represented by open circles are situated at the corners of a cube of side 0.40 nm, whereas a Cl atom is situated at the centre of the cube. 

The Cs atoms are deficient in one electron while the Cl atom carries an excess electron.

  1. What is the net electric field on the Cl atom due to eight Cs atoms?
  2. Suppose that the Cs atom at the corner A is missing. What is the net force now on the Cl atom due to seven remaining Cs atoms?

Two fixed, identical conducting plates (α and β), each of surface area S are charged to –Q and q, respectively, where Q > q > 0. A third identical plate (γ), free to move is located on the other side of the plate with charge q at a distance d (Figure). The third plate is released and collides with the plate β. Assume the collision is elastic and the time of collision is sufficient to redistribute charge amongst β and γ.

  1. Find the electric field acting on the plate γ before collision.
  2. Find the charges on β and γ after the collision.
  3. Find the velocity of the plate γ after the collision and at a distance d from the plate β.

A steady current of 8 mA flows through a wire. The number of electrons passing through a cross-section of the wire in 10 s is ______.


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