Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 11th
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Explain the following concepts. Psychology - Psychology

Short Note

Explain the following concepts.

Psychology

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Solution

The word Psychology is derived from the Greek words 'Psyche' (meaning soul or mind) and 'Logos' (meaning science or branch of knowledge). Thus, the literal meaning of Psychology was 'science of the soul or science of the mind'. However, neither soul or mind can be described in concrete terms nor can be scientifically observed. Hence, the definition of Psychology was modified.
Wilhelm Wundt explained Psychology as the study of 'conscious experience'.
Sigmund Freud explained Psychology as the study of the unconscious and stressed the importance of early childhood experiences. However, neither consciousness nor 'Unconscious' are directly observable.
John Watson defined Psychology as 'a science of behaviour'.
Today, psychology is defined as, 'the scientific study of human behaviour and mental process'.

Concept: Introduction to Psychology and Life
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Balbharati Psychology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 1 Story of Psychology
Exercise | Q 2.1 | Page 10
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