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Explain the fact that in alkyl aryl ethers, the alkoxy group is ring activating and ortho/para directing towards electrophilic aromatic substitution. - Chemistry

Long Answer

Explain the fact that in alkyl aryl ethers, the alkoxy group is ring activating and ortho/para directing towards electrophilic aromatic substitution.

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Solution

  1. Resonance structures of alkyl aryl ethers are as follows:
  2. The +R effect of −OR the group results in increased electron density at the para- and two ortho positions.
    Hence, the alkoxy group in aromatic ether is a ring activating and ortho/para-directing group towards electrophilic aromatic substitution.
Concept: Ethers
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APPEARS IN

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank 12th Standard HSC Chemistry Maharashtra State Board 2021
Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Long Answer Questions | Q 2.2
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