Explain Swartz reaction. - Chemistry

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Short Note

Explain Swartz reaction.

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Solution

Swartz reaction: Alkyl fluoride is created when metallic fluoride (AgF, CaF2, etc.) is heated with alkyl chloride or alkyl bromide. The term "Swartz reaction" describes this phenomenon.

\[\ce{ \underset{(X = Cl or Br)}{R -X}+ AgF ->[\Delta] R-F + AgF}\]

Example

\[\ce{\underset{(Methyl chloride)}{CH3Cl} + \underset{(Silver fluoride)}{AgF}->[\Delta] \underset{(Methyl fiomide)}{CH3F} + \underset{(Silver chloride)}{AgCl}}\]

Concept: Methods of Preparation of Alkyl Halides
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