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Explain the role of transgenic animals in (i) Vaccine safety and (ii) Biological products with the help of an example each. - Biology

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Explain the role of transgenic animals in (i) Vaccine safety and (ii) Biological products with the help of an example each.

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Solution

Role of transgenic animal in vaccine safety-Transgenic mice are being developed for use in testing the safety of vaccines before they are used on humans.

Example: Transgenic mice are being used to test the safety of the polio vaccine. If successful and found to be reliable, they could replace the use of monkeys to test the safety of batches of the vaccine.

Role of transgenic animal in production of biological products-Transgenic cow, Rosie is used for the production of human protein-enriched milk, which contained α-actalbumin and was nutritionally more suitable for human babies.

Concept: Transgenic Animals
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