Explain Mahatma Gandhi's unarmed resistance movement. The Non-Co-operation Movement - History

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Answer in Brief

Explain Mahatma Gandhi's unarmed resistance movement.

The Non-Co-operation Movement

Discuss the Non-violent movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.

Non Cooperation movement

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Solution

  1. In 1920, in the session of the Indian National Congress held at Nagpur, a resolution was passed to start the ‘Non Cooperation Movement’ all over India. Mahatma Gandhi was asked to lead the movement.
  2. It was decided to boycott all schools, colleges, legislative bodies, courts, government offices, and imported goods. Indian people responded to the Non Cooperation movement and boycott in a commendable way.
  3. Students participated in it on a large scale.
  4. Several highly acknowledged Indian lawyers stopped their practice and participated in the movement. Among them were Chittaranjan Das, Motilal Nehru, M.R. Jaikar, Saifuddin Kichalu, Vallabhbhai Patel, and Rajgopalachari.
  5. At many places, imported clothes were publicly burnt. The farmers gave a tremendous response to Mahatma Gandhi’s appeal of non cooperation.
  6. The working class also participated in the movement on a very large scale.
  7. A nationwide series of public strikes was started. There were 396 instances of public strikes during the year 1921 alone. The leaders of the Indian National Congress had organised these strikes at several places.
  8. ‘Charkha’ (the Indian spinning wheel) became the symbol of ‘Swarajya’ and ‘Swadeshi’ became a household term in India.
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