Explain Karl Marx’s ‘Class Theory’.
Karl Marx’s ‘Class Theory’
Points: • Inequality in society
• Division of society into classes
• Class struggle
• This theory put forth in ‘Das Kapital’.
i) According to Karl Marx, history was not about abstract ideas; it was about living people.
ii) Human relationships are shaped by the fundamental needs of people and the ownership as well as nature of prevalent means of production to meet those needs.
iii) The accessibility of these means to different strata of the society may not be equal. This inequality causes a division of the society into classes, leading to class struggle. According to Marx, human history is the history of class struggle.