Explain the interactions among the factors of an ecosystem.
Ecosystem is made up of two types of components - biotic and abiotic components. Abiotic factors include light, temperature, water, air, soil, inorganic nutrients, etc. They are the non-living components of any habitat. Biotic factors are the living components of any habitat. They include plants, animals, etc. Both the biotic and abiotic factors in an ecosystem interact with each to maintain the balance of an ecosystem. The abiotic factors play an important role in the distribution and survival of biotic factors in an ecosystem. The proportion of abiotic factors is not constant and always keeps on changing as they are used or excreted by the biotic factors. It is not only the abiotic factor which affects an ecosystem but the biotic factors also have an equal effect on abiotic components as well as other biotic components.