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Explain How Does the −OH Group Attached to a Carbon of Benzene Ring Activate It Towards Electrophilic Substitution? - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Chemistry

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Question

Explain how does the −OH group attached to a carbon of benzene ring activate it towards electrophilic substitution?

Solution

The −OH group is an electron-donating group. Thus, it increases the electron density in the benzene ring as shown in the given resonance structure of phenol.

As a result, the benzene ring is activated towards electrophilic substitution.

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APPEARS IN

 NCERT Solution for Chemistry Textbook for Class 12 (2018 to Current)
Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Q: 16 | Page no. 345
Solution Explain How Does the −OH Group Attached to a Carbon of Benzene Ring Activate It Towards Electrophilic Substitution? Concept: Chemical Reactions of Phenols (Only).
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