Explain how ‘distribution of gross domestic product’ is a limitation in taking gross domestic product as an index of welfare.
GDP refers to the market value of all the final goods and services produced within the domestic territory during an accounting year. GDP as an index of welfare depends on the distribution of income in the economy. It is possible that even with the rise in the real GDP, the welfare of the people might not increase. This is because an increase in the GDP may be a result of the increase in the income of only a few individuals while, the majority of people remain deprived of the benefits of the rise in the GDP. In such a situation, a rise in the GDP does not enhance the economic welfare. In other words, a rise in national income may lead to false interpretation of the social welfare. Thus, it can be said that distribution of GDP is a limitation as a measure of economic welfare.