Explain the following techniques of scientific management:
What is determined by 'Time-Study'?
Time Study: According to this technique, there must be a standard time limit for the completion of a task. With repeated observations with regard to the time taken in completing a task, a standard limit is set. This helps in deciding the number of employees which would be required in completing a task. For example, if one person can manufacture one unit of a commodity in two hours, then in a working day of 8 hours, each worker can manufacture 4 units of the commodity