Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 8th Standard
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Explain the Following Statement with Reason. Gandhiji Began Fast Unto Death in the Yerwada Jail. - History and Civics

Answer in Brief

Explain the following statement with reason.

Gandhiji began fast unto death in the Yerwada jail. 

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Solution

On 16 September 1932, Gandhiji began a fast to protest the British support of a new Indian Constitution that would separate the Indian electoral system on the basis of caste. This meant the untouchables or as Gandhiji called them Harijan meaning Children of God would be separated. It implied an unfair system of division of social classes. Gandhiji said that this is a god given opportunity that has come to him to offer his life as a final sacrifice to the downtrodden. Other public figures in India had questioned Gandhiji's commitment to the lower classes, his fast ended after the British government accepted the principal terms of the settlement between higher caste Indians and the untouchables that reversed this decision of separation. He continued his nonviolent and peaceful methods of protest even after this. On January 12, 1948, was his last successful fast in New Delhi to persuade Hindus and Muslims to work towards peace, But less than 15 days later, he was assassinated on his way to an evening prayer meeting.

Concept: Civil Disobedience Movement Causes
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Balbharati History and Civics 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 1.08 Civil Disobedience Movement
Exercise | Q 4 | Page 39
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