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Explain the Following Processes: Conduction of a Nerve Impulse Along a Nerve Fibre - CBSE (Science) Class 11 - Biology

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Question

Explain the following processes:

Conduction of a nerve impulse along a nerve fibre

Solution 1

Conduction of a nerve impulse along a nerve fibre: Nervous system transmits information as a series of nerve impulses. A nerve impulse is the movement of an action potential as a wave through a nerve fibre. Action potentials are propagated, that is, self-generated along the axon. The events that set up an action potential at one spot on the nerve fibre also transmit it along the entire length of the nerve fibre. The action potential then moves to the neighbouring region of the nerve fibre till it covers the whole length of the fibre.

Solution 2

Conduction of a nerve impulse along a nerve fibre

There are two types of nerve fibres – myelinated and non-myelinated. In myelinated nerve fibre, the action potential is conducted from node to node in jumping manner. This is because the myelinated nerve fibre is coated with myelin sheath. The myelin sheath is impermeable to ions. As a result, the ionic exchange and depolarisation of nerve fibre is not possible along the whole length of nerve fibre. It takes place only at some point, known as nodes of Ranvier, whereas in non-myelinated nerve fibre, the ionic exchange and depolarization of nerve fibre takes place along the whole length of the nerve fibre. Because of this ionic exchange, the depolarized area becomes repolarised and the next polarized area becomes depolarized.

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APPEARS IN

 NCERT Solution for Biology Textbook for Class 11 (2018 to Current)
Chapter 21: Neural Control and Coordination
Q: 3.3 | Page no. 328

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Solution Explain the Following Processes: Conduction of a Nerve Impulse Along a Nerve Fibre Concept: Human Neural System.
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