Explain the following concept.
The political parties that secure a minimum of 6% valid votes in four (or more) States in the Loksabha or State Assembly elections and have a minimum of its 4 elected members in the Loksabha are recognized as National Parties. E.g. Indian National Congress (INC), Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI).
Another criteria for recognition as a National Parties mandates that the candidates of a party should be elected from a minimum of 2% of total Loksabha constituency and a minimum of 3 states.
- National party is a political party that satisfies either of the following two conditions :
- It secures a minimum of 6% of the valid votes in four or more states in the earlier Lok Sabha or State Assembly elections AND
- Minimum 4 members should be elected in the Loksabha from any state or state in the earlier elections.
- The candidates of a party should be elected from a minimum of 2% constituencies out of the total Loksabha constituencies (543) AND
- The candidates should be selected from at least 3 states.
- Some of the national parties in India are the Indian National Congress, the Communist Party of India, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the Bahujan Samaj Party, the Nationalist Congress Party, and All India Trinamool Congress Party.