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Explain the Autoregulatory Mechanism of Gfr. - Biology

Explain the autoregulatory mechanism of GFR.

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Solution

The mechanism by which the kidney regulates the glomerular filtration rate is autoregulative. It is carried out by the juxtaglomerular apparatus. Juxtaglomerular apparatus is a microscopic structure located between the vascular pole of the renal corpuscle and the returning distal convoluted tubule of the same nephron.

It plays a role in regulating the renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate. When there is a fall in the glomerular filtration rate, it activates the juxtaglomerular cells to release renin. This stimulates the glomerular blood flow, thereby bringing the GFR back to normal. Renin brings the GFR back to normal by the activation of the renin-angiotensin mechanism.

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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 11 Biology Textbook
Chapter 19 Excretory Products and their Elimination
Q 2 | Page 300
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