Explain about the historical background of India and Brazil.
India was under British rule for nearly one and a half-century and gained independence in 1947.
Problems faced by India after independence:
- In the initial years of its independence, India fought three wars. These wars had an adverse effect on the economy of India.
- In the post-independence period, India faced a severe shortage of food grains which resulted in famines in several parts of the country.
Brazil was under Portuguese rule for more than three centuries and gained independence in 1822. Further, it was governed by a populist military government from 1930 till 1985.
Problems faced by Brazil after independence:
- Brazil went through global financial difficulties till date 20th century.