Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 7th
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Examine the essential features of Maratha administration under Shivaji. - Social Science

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Answer in Brief

Examine the essential features of Maratha administration under Shivaji.

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Solution

  • Village Administration:
  1. Deshmuks control twenty and hundred villages.
  2. Each village was administered by village headman ‘Patil’, who was assisted by village accountant ‘Kulkami’.
  • Military Administration:
  1. Shivaji gave utmost attention to his army and training of its personnel.
  2. Every soldier was selected by Shivaji.
  3. Retired captains holding incharge of guarding the forts.
  • Ashtapradhan:
    1.Shivaji designated eight ministers as ‘Ashtapradhan’. Peshwa was the Prime minister and Amatya was the finance minister.
  • Revenue Administration:
  1. He collected Chauth and Sardeshmukhi taxes.
  2. The assesments were made 3/5 left to the cultivator and 2/5 taken by the Government.
  • Judicial Administration:
  1. Civil cases decided by the Panchayat and village council.
  2. Criminal laws were based on the shastras of the Hindu law books.
Concept: Maratha Administration under Shivaji
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APPEARS IN

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi Class 7th Social Science Term 2 Answers Guide
Chapter 1.3 Rise of Marathas and Peshwas
Evaluation | Q VII. | Page 132
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