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Examine Telangana Movement as One of the Urban-ethnic Movements. - Sociology

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Short Note

Examine Telangana Movement as one of the urban-ethnic movements.

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Solution

Telangana Movement: The Telangana Movement is an urban-ethnic movement, however, the division of the state of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana was based on linguistic lines.

Causes behind the movement:
(i) Telangana contributed about 45% to the development of the state however only about 25% benefits came back to it.

(ii) The building of the Nagarjuna Sagar dam caused damage to many limestone mines of the Telangana region.

(iii) The region also faced a water crisis which made the peasants suffer due to the droughts. Most of the water went to the coastal region of Andhra Pradesh.

(iv) Budget allocation towards Telangana was less. Fewer opportunities were given to the Telangana people. Government employees were also mostly from Andhra Pradesh whereas the people of the Telangana region felt left out.

Consequences of the Movement:
(i) On 4th March 2014, the Government of India announced that 2nd June 2014 was going to be the Telangana Formation Day. Thus, leading to the creation of Telangana as the 29th state of India with Hyderabad as the common capital.

(ii) The water crisis has been solved by the government.

(iii) Employment opportunities in both private and government firms are given to the Telangana people. 

Concept: Social Movements: Meaning, Causes and Their Role in Society.
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