Examine any six consequences of the disintegration of USSR. - Political Science

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Long Answer

Examine any six consequences of the disintegration of USSR.

Analyse any three consequences of the disintegration of USSR. 

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Solution

Following are the consequences of the disintegration of USSR:

  1. The End of Cold War Confrontations: The collapse of the Soviet Union effectively ended Cold War politics. It ended the tensions, hostility, and mutual suspension that existed between the two blocs, the United States and the Soviet Union. The war between the two superpowers, which had prompted a massive arms race and the formation of military alliances, had been resolved. The question of whether the socialist system will triumph over the capitalist system was no longer disputed. A pause in the arms race and the possibility of a new peace were required for the conflict to end.
  2. Emergence of a Unipolar World: As a result of the change in global dominance brought about by the demise of the Soviet Union, the United States emerged as a superpower that governed and had an impact on worldwide affairs. Because of its greatest military base, dominating capitalist economic system, and immense cultural influence on other countries, including India, the United States has become a worldwide hegemon. In this regard, we might consider India's decision to reconsider its relationship with the United States following the demise of the Soviet Union. The United States is the sole remaining superpower. The capitalist economy was now the world's dominant economic system, supported by the strength and prestige of the United States. Organizations such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have emerged as important advisors to all of these states as they provide loans to assist these nations in transitioning from communist to capitalism.
  3. Emergence of Independent Republics: As a result of the Soviet Union's demise, many new states rose to prominence. 'The former Soviet Union's 15 union republics earned independence and formed their own distinct identities, political aims, and freedom of choice. Some Baltic and east European countries elected to join the EU and NATO, while others maintained close ties with Russia. As a result, we've seen the development of a slew of new global players.
  4. Human Rights and Humanitarian intervention: Human rights and humanitarian intervention represent the pinnacle of moral progress and global responsibility. These concepts underscore the undeniable truth that every individual, regardless of their race, creed, or nationality, possesses inherent rights that must be safeguarded at all costs. The exaggerated importance of human rights and humanitarian intervention serves as a constant reminder that we, as a global society, are bound by an ethical duty to protect the vulnerable and oppressed.
  5. Terrorism: The nature of terrorism underwent a profound shift following the 9/11 attacks on the United States. Previously characterized by localized aims, terrorism evolved into a global phenomenon with an increased focus on ideological extremism, transnational networks, and indiscriminate violence. This event fueled the emergence of new tactics, like suicide bombings and cyberterrorism, while intensifying concerns about security, surveillance, and civil liberties.
  6. Multi polarity and Regionalism: This phase primarily saw the rise of China and India, the growing importance of the Indo-Pacific region and also the rise of Russia under Vladimir Putin. These developments and the growth of regionalism brought in multipolarity in the world order. Regions and regional organisations started to become more important.

Notes

Students can refer to the provided solutions based on their questions.

Concept: Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Its Impact Or Consequences on the World Order
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2013-2014 (March) All India Set 1
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