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Every Metal Has a Definite Work Function. Why Do All Photoelectrons Not Come Out with the Same Energy If Incident Radiation is Monochromatic? Why is There an Energy Distribution of Photoelectrons? - Physics

Answer the following questions:

Every metal has a definite work function. Why do all photoelectrons not come out with the same energy if incident radiation is monochromatic? Why is there an energy distribution of photoelectrons?

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The work function of a metal is the minimum energy required for a conduction electron to get out of the metal surface. All the electrons in an atom do not have the same energy level. When a ray having some photon energy is incident on a metal surface, the electrons come out from different levels with different energies. Hence, these emitted electrons show different energy distributions.

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NCERT Class 12 Physics Textbook
Chapter 11 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Q 37.4 | Page 411
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