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Evaluate : ∫1/(3+5cosx)dx - Mathematics and Statistics

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Evaluate : `int1/(3+5cosx)dx`

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Solution

Let ` I=int 1/(3+5cosx)dx " put " tan (x/2)=t`

then `dx=2/(1+t^2)dt and cos x=(1-t^2)/(1+t^2)`

`I=int(2dt/(1+t^2))/(3+5((1-t^2)/(1+t^2)))`

`=2int (dt/(1+t^2))/((3(1+t^2)+5(1-t^2))/(1+t^2))`

`=2int dt/(3+3t^2+5-5t^2)`

`=2int dt/(8-2t^2)`

`=int dt/(2^2-t^2)  `

 

`=1/(2(2)) log|(2+t)/(2-t)|+c`

`=1/4 log|(2+tan(x/2))/(2-tan(x/2))|+c`

Concept: Evaluation of Definite Integrals by Substitution
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