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Estimate the Average Drift Speed of Conduction Electrons in a Copper Wire - Physics

Estimate the average drift speed of conduction electrons in a copper wire of cross-sectional area 2.5 × 10−7 m2 carrying a current of 1.8 A. Assume the density of conduction electrons to be 9 × 1028 m−3.

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Solution

We know that drift velocity, `V_d=1/(nAq)`

I is the current, n is charge density, q is charge of electron and A is cross-section area.

 `:.V_d=1.8/(9xx10^28xx2.5xx10^(-7)xx1.6xx10^(-19))`

 `V_d=5xx10^(-4) `

Concept: Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity
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