Enlist the necessary materials in the First-Aid kit. - Science and Technology 2

Answer in Brief

Enlist the necessary materials in the First-Aid kit.

Write names of any six materials which are to be in the first aid box.



  1. First aid kit is a small box which contains items required for administering first aid to a victim of an accident or disaster.
  2. Some of the important materials which should be included in a first aid kit are:
    Bandage strips of different sizes, wound gauze, triangular and circular bandage, medicated cotton, hand gloves, clean and dry cloth pieces, soap, antiseptic (Dettol/Savlon), safety pins, blade, small pins, needle, band-aid, torch, scissor, thermometer, petroleum jelly, etc.
Concept: First Aid and Emergency Action
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Chapter 10: Disaster Management - Solve the following questions


Rewrite the correct form of the statement: Formalin is an example of an Antiseptic

Burns can be superficial burns, deep burns or chemical burns. What emergency care you would suggest in each case.

Multiple choice questions. Tick (✓) the correct choice: 

 Which of the following is a disease caused by bacteria?  

  1. cholera 
  2. AIDS
  3. malaria
  4. rabies

Fill in the blanks : 

Over-eating causes a disease called.................. 

Multiple choice questions. Tick (✓) the correct choice: 

First vaccine was produced by   

  1. Pasteur
  2. A. Fleming
  3. Jenner 
  4. Robert Hooke

Define the following: 


Write, in brief, about the following: 

First-aid measures in case of cuts, burns, bites and stings.

 Give differences between the following:
First degree burn and second degree burn.  

Give the first aid measures in case of second degree burns. 

Name two diseases caused by animal bites. 

Name a disease which causes opaque eye lens and hence blindness. 

What should be done if the gas cylinder at your home catches fire?
a) Water should be sprinkled.
b) Sand, soil should be put at it.
c) Cylinder should be covered with wet blanket.
d) One should run away.

Answer the question.

 Why is it essential to get the training of first aid?

Answer the question.

Which different methods are used for transportation of patients? Why?

Write down the reasons, effects and remedial measures taken for any two disasters experienced by you.

Re-write the statement by selecting the appropriate option.
What will you do, if the domestic gas cylinder bursts?

Write what the sign indicate.

Write what the sign indicate.

Explain with suitable examples, the care to be taken when using the methods of transporting patients.

Write note.

Principles of first aid. 

How is first aid provided to victims of disasters who are injured? 

Name the Following: The protein molecules which shows specificity against invading germs.

Name the Following: A substance which when injected into our body protects us against future infection.

Name the Following: Name the fly by which Typhoid germs are transmitted.

Give Technical Terms: The vaccine that helps to produce immunity against polio.

Give Technical Terms: Name the antibiotic that was discovered first.

Give Technical Terms: Who is called the ‘Father of Chemotherapy’?

A viral disease totally eradicated through mass immunization.

Give Technical Terms:  The drug based on arsenic compound, produced in 1910 which killed germs of syphilis.

Whenever you have deep wounds or burns, it is advised to take:

What first aid will you provide in the following situation?

Dog bite

What first aid will you provide in the following situation?

Scratches/ bleeding

What first aid will you provide in the following situation?


What first aid will you provide in the following situation?


What first aid will you provide in the following situation?


Find out about the work of a ‘Sarpa-Mitra’.

Find out what a first aid kit/box contains.


First aid

Give an example of disaster due to unawareness.

The first aid is to ______.

State true or false. If false, correct the statement.

First – degree burns damage the whole skin.

First degree burn : Epidermis :: Second degree burn : ______.

Sobi frequently playing with her mobile, suggest your ideas to protect his eye from irritation?

What first aid will you provide in the case of bruises?

Ravi said, Ganga had minor burn, so I washed it with water. Do you agree with his statement? Explain, why?

Why first aid is essential?

List the situations in which first aid is given. What would you do if a person suffers from skin burns?

Assertion (A): We must offer first aid to a bleeding person.
Reason (R): We must not use gloves while helping them.

Give a scientific reason.

Why it is essential to get training of first aid?


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