Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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If the Potential Difference Applied to the Tube is Doubled and the Separation Between the Filament and the Target is Also Doubled, the Cutoff Wavelength - Physics

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Question

If the potential difference applied to the tube is doubled and the separation between the filament and the target is also doubled, the cutoff wavelength

  • will remain unchanged

  • will be doubled

  • will be halved

  • will become four times the original

Solution

will be halved

Cut off wavelength is given by `lambda_min = (hc)/(eV)`,

where = Planck's constant
            c = speed of light
            = charge on an electron
            V = potential difference applied to the tube
When potential difference (V) applied to the tube is doubled, cutoff wavelength (`lambda'_min`) is given by

`lambda'_min` = `(hc)/(e(2V)`

⇒ `lambda'_min = lambda_min/2`

Cuttoff wavelength does not depend on the separation between the filament and the target.
Thus, cutoff wavelength will be halved if the the potential difference applied to the tube is doubled.

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Solution If the Potential Difference Applied to the Tube is Doubled and the Separation Between the Filament and the Target is Also Doubled, the Cutoff Wavelength Concept: Electromagnetic Spectrum.
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