Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka course PUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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Characteristic X-rays May Be Used to Identify the Element from Which They Are Being Emitted. Can Continuous X-rays Be Used for this Purpose? - Physics

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Question

Characteristic X-rays may be used to identify the element from which they are being emitted. Can continuous X-rays be used for this purpose?

Solution

Characteristic X-rays are emitted due to the transitions of electrons among different shells. The wavelength of the X-rays emitted in these transitions have definite value for a particular element. But continuous X-rays are emitted due to the conversion of kinetic energy of an electron into photon, which varies from collision to collision and is independent of material. Hence, continuous X-rays provide no information about the element from which they are being emitted.

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Solution Characteristic X-rays May Be Used to Identify the Element from Which They Are Being Emitted. Can Continuous X-rays Be Used for this Purpose? Concept: Electromagnetic Spectrum.
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