Consider two hollow concentric spheres, S1 and S2, enclosing charges 2Q and 4Q respectively as shown in the figure. (i) Find out the ratio of the electric flux through them. (ii) How will the electric flux through the sphere S1 change if a medium of dielectric constant 'εr' is introduced in the space inside S1 in place of air ? Deduce the necessary expression
(i) Charge enclosed by sphere S1 = 2Q
By Gauss law, electric flux through sphere S1 is
Charge enclosed by sphere S2 = 2Q+4Q=6Q
The ratio of the electric flux is
(ii) For sphere S1, the electric flux is
∵ εr > ε0
Therefore, the electric flux through the sphere S1 decreases with the introduction of the dielectric inside it.