Department of Pre-University Education, Karnataka course PUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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Three identical metal plates with large surface areas are kept parallel to each other as shown in the following figure - Physics

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ConceptElectric Field Introduction of Electric Field

Question

Three identical metal plates with large surface areas are kept parallel to each other as shown in the following figure. The leftmost plate is given a charge Q, the rightmost a charge −2Q and the middle one is kept neutral. Find the charge appearing on the outer surface of the rightmost plate.

Solution

Consider the Gaussian surface as shown in the figure.

Let the charge on the outer surface of the left-most plate be q. Thus, the charges on the plates are distributed as shown in the following diagram.

The net field at point P due to all the induced charges must be zero, as it is lying inside the metal surface.

Let the surface area of the plates be A.

Electric field at point P due to the charges on plate X:-

Due to charge (+ Q -q) is `("Q" -"q")/(2"A"∈_0)`  in the right direction

Due to charge (+q) is `"q"/(2"A"∈_0)` in the right direction

Electric field at point P due to charges on plate Y:-

Due to charge (-q) is `"q"/(2"A"∈_0)` in the right direction

Due to charge (+q) is `"q"/(2"A"∈_0)` in the left direction.

Electric field at point P due to charges on plate Z:-

Due to charge (-q) is `"q"/(2"A"∈_0)` in the right direction.

Due to charge (-2Q+q) is `(2"Q"-"q")/(2"A"∈_0)` in the right direction

The net electric field at point P:-

`("Q"-"q")/(2"A"∈_0)+"q"/(2"A"∈_0) -"q"/(2"A"∈_0) - "q"/(2"A"∈_0) + "q"/(2"A"∈_0) + (2"Q"-"q")/(2"A"∈_0) = 0`

`("Q"-"q")/(2"A"∈_0) + (2"Q" -"q")/(2"A"∈_0) = 0`

`Q - q + 2Q - q = 0`

`3Q - q = 0`

`"q" =(3"Q")/2`

Thus, the charge on the outer plate of the right-most plate = `-2"Q" +"q" = -2"Q"+ (3"Q")/2 = -"Q"/2`

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Solution Three identical metal plates with large surface areas are kept parallel to each other as shown in the following figure Concept: Electric Field - Introduction of Electric Field.
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