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Light of Wavelength 488 Nm is Produced by an Argon Laser Which is Used in the Photoelectric Effect. When Light from this Spectral Line is Incident on the Emitter, the Stopping (Cut-off) Potential of Photoelectrons is 0.38 V. Find the Work Function of the Material from Which the Emitter is Made. - CBSE (Science) Class 12 - Physics

ConceptEinstein’S Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation

Question

Light of wavelength 488 nm is produced by an argon laser which is used in the photoelectric effect. When light from this spectral line is incident on the emitter, the stopping (cut-off) potential of photoelectrons is 0.38 V. Find the work function of the material from which the emitter is made.

Solution

Wavelength of light produced by the argon laser, λ = 488 nm

= 488 × 10−9 m

Stopping potential of the photoelectrons, V0 = 0.38 V

1eV = 1.6 × 10−19 J

∴ V0 = 0.38/(1.6 xx 10^(-19)) eV

Planck’s constant, h = 6.6 × 10−34 Js

Charge on an electron, e = 1.6 × 10−19 C

Speed of light, c = 3 × 10 m/s

From Einstein’s photoelectric effect, we have the relation involving the work function Φ0of the material of the emitter as:

eV_0 = (hc)/lambda - phi_0

phi_0 - (hc)/lambda - eV_0

= (6.6 xx 10^(-34 ) xx 3 xx 10^8)/(1.6 xx 10^(-19) xx  488 xx 10^(-9)) - (1.6 xx10^(-19) xx 0.38)/(1.6 xx 10^(-19))

= 2.54 - 0.38 = 2.16 eV

Therefore, the material with which the emitter is made has the work function of 2.16 eV.

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NCERT Solution for Physics Textbook for Class 12 (2018 to Current)
Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Q: 11 | Page no. 408
Solution Light of Wavelength 488 Nm is Produced by an Argon Laser Which is Used in the Photoelectric Effect. When Light from this Spectral Line is Incident on the Emitter, the Stopping (Cut-off) Potential of Photoelectrons is 0.38 V. Find the Work Function of the Material from Which the Emitter is Made. Concept: Einstein’S Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation.
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