Explain the effects of Cold War.
After the Second World War, the war between Russia and America known as the cold war affected international issues. Some effects are
a. The world was divided into two groups: The cold war was a war between communism led by Russia and capitalism and democracy led by America. The power game between these two countries divided the whole world into two groups, where many countries either participated in one group or the other.
b. Growth in weapon’s competition: Both countries tried to prove their supremacy by producing deadly weapons. They also tried to make their supporting countries strong in different sections of defence forces such as the Army, Navy and Air Force. Also, the most able administrative system was implemented by both of them.
c. An inspiration to nuclear weapon competition: America tried to prove its power by dropping atom bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima, the cities of Japan. Russia responded back by performing nuclear tests. This situation brought the world on the threshold of ruin.
d. Discredit of UNO: UNO succeeded in creating peace and protection in the world to some extent. However, UNO’s idea of ‘one world’ failed because of the competition of power and nuclear weapons. Also, the Security Council could not help the UNO to solve these problems because of the veto power of big nations. Thus, UNO was unable to achieve the idea of one world and it was considered a discredit of UNO. e. Human welfare was neglected: Cold war created fear and terror in the world. It motivated the production of weapons which lead to a lot of money being spent on their manufacture. This resulted in development and commodities being neglected. 25% of income was spent on weapons and its research. This affected the welfare of man.
f. Growth of the non-alliance movement: Many countries had to unwillingly participate in the group of super powers because of political and economic pressure. Countries such as India, Egypt and Yugoslavia started the nonalliance movement and did not mix in any group of super powers. Slowly this movement gained momentum and weakened the cold war.