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Educator: It Has Been Argued that Our Professional Organization Should Take Decision About Important Issues Such as Raising Dues and Taking Political Stands-by a Direct Vote of All Members Rather - Logical Reasoning

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MCQ

Educator: It has been argued that our professional organization should take decision about important issues such as raising dues and taking political stands-by a direct vote of all members rather than by having members vote for officers who in turn make the decisions. This would not; however, be the right way to decide these matters, for the vote of any given individual is much more likely to determine organizational policy by influencing the election of an officer than by influencing the result of a direct vote on a single issue. Which one of the following principles would, if valid, most help to justify the educator’s reasoning?

Options

  • No procedure for making organizational decisions should allow one individual’s vote to weigh more than that of another.

  • Outcomes of organizational elections should be evaluated according to their benefit to the organization as a whole, not according to the fairness of the methods by which they are produced.

  • Important issues facing organizations should be decided by people who can devote their full time to mastering the information relevant to the issues.

  • An organization’s procedures for making organiza-tional decisions should maximize the power of each member of the organization to influence the decisions made.

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Solution

An organization’s procedures for making organiza-tional decisions should maximize the power of each member of the organization to influence the decisions made.

Explanation:

The argument of the educator is that it is known that the vote of an individual is much more likely to determine organizational policy by influencing the election of an officer by influencing the result of a direct vote. He concludes to say that it is better to take decisions through the election of an officer than directe vote. 'An organization’s procedures for making organiza-tional decisions should maximize the power of each member of the organization to influence the decisions made.' is correct. If the main aim of the procedures of the organization is to maximise the influence of each individual has greater influence in election of an officer then the decisions must be made through election of an officer.

Concept: Critical Reasoning (Entrance Exam)
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