E and F Were Partners in a Firm Sharing Profits in the Ratio of 7:3. on 28-2-2016 the Firm Was Dissolved. After Transferring Assets (Other than Cash) and Outsider'S Liabilities to Realization Account You Are Given the Following Information - Accountancy

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E and F were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:3. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realization account you are given the following information:

(a) A creditor for Rs 3, 00,000 accepted building valued Rs 3, 75,000 and paid the firm Rs 75,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs 93,000 accepted stock valued at Rs 90,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs 60,000 accepted Rs 37,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs 40,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 7,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.

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Solution

                                                             In the books of ……
                                                                      Journal

Date Particulars L.F.

Dr.

Rs

Cr.

Rs

(a)

 

 

 

(b)

(c)

 

 

 

 

(d)

 

 

 

 

Bank A/c                                               Dr

            To Realisation A/c

(Being creditors paid Rs 75,000 to the firm)

 

No entry

Realisation A/c                                    Dr

            To Bank A/c

(Being third creditor accepted 37,000 in cash and investments of the book value of 40,000 in full settlement of his claim)

 

E’s Capital A/c                                    Dr

F’s Capital A/c                                     Dr

           To Realisation A/c

(Being loss on dissolution transferred to partners capital accounts)

 

75,000

 

 

 

 

37,000

 

 

 

 

4,900

2,100

 

 

 

75,000

 

 

 

 

37,000

 

 

 

 

 

7,000

 

Note: No entry will be made when asset is taken over by the creditor

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
2015-2016 (March) Delhi Set 3

RELATED QUESTIONS

Dissolution expenses are credited to _________.


Mr. Aaba and Mr. Baba are equal partners whose Balance Sheet as on 31 st March, 2012 was as under:

                                                               Balance Sheet as on

                                                                  31st March, 2012

Liabilities Amount(Rs.) Assets Amount(Rs.)
Sundry Creditors 16000 Cash in hand 500

Capital A/c

              Aaba

              Baba

 

2000

2000

Stock 4500
    Debtors 4000
    Plant and machinery 5000
    Furniture 2000
    Land and Building 4000
  20000   20000

 

Due to weak financial position of the partners the firm is dissolved.

Aaba and Baba are not able to contribute anything from their private estate, hence they are declared insolvent.

The assets are realised as follows :-

Stock Rs. 3,000, Plant and Machinery Rs. 3,000, Furniture Rs. 1,000, Land and Building Rs. 2,000 and Debtors Rs. 1,000 only.

Realisation expenses amounted to Rs. 500.

You are required to prepare necessary Ledger Accounts to close the books of the firm.


An account opened to find out the profit or loss on sale of assets and settlement of liabilities.


A, B, and C were partners sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 2 : 2 : 1. Following is their balance sheet as on 31st March, 2013.
 
Balance sheet as on 31st March, 2013
Liabilities
Amount
(Rs. )
Assets
Amount
(Rs.)
Amount
(Rs.)
Capital Account
 
Machinery
 
25,000
A
30,000
Stock
 
10,000
B
10,000
Debtors
 27,500
 
C
10,000
Less: R.D.D.
1,500
26,000
General Reserve
3,000
Investment
 
12,000
Creditors
20,000
Profit and Loss A/c
 
9,000
A’s Loan Account
4,000
Bank
 
2,000
Bills Payable
7,000
     
 
84,000
   
84,000

On the above date, the partners decide to dissolve the firm.(1)  Assets were realised as -
Machinery Rs. 22,500, Stock Rs. 9,000, Investment Rs. 10,500, Debtors Rs. 22,500
(2) Dissolution expenses were Rs. 1,500.
(3) Goodwill of the firm realised Rs. 12,000
Pass the necessary journal entries int he books of the firm.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of partnership' and 'Dissolution of partnership firm' on the basis of court's intervention.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and 'Dissolution of Partnership Firm on the basis of 'Economic Relationship'.


L and M were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2:3. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders' liabilities to realization account you are given the following information :

(a) A creditor for Rs.1,40,000 accepted building valued at Rs.1, 80,000 and paid to the firm Rs.40,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs.30,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.28,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs.70,000 accepted Rs.30,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs.45,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs.4,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Lal and Pal were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3: 7. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account, you are given the following information:

(a) A creditor of Rs.3,60,000 accepted machinery valued at Rs.5,00,000 and paid to the firm Rs.1,40,000.

(b) A Second creditor for Rs.50,000 accepted stock at Rs.45,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs.90,000 accepted Rs.45,000 in cash and investments worth Rs.43,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs.15,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


Distinguish between ‘Dissolution of partnership’ and Dissolution of partnership firm ‘on the basis of closure of Books.


G and H were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 9: 7. On 1.4.2015 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsider's liabilities to realisation account you are given the following information :

(a) Mohan, a creditor of Rs 2,30,000 accepted debtors of Rs  2,00,000 at a discount of 10% and the balance was paid to him by cheque.

(b) Sohan, a second creditor for Rs 7,00,000 accepted land of the book value of Rs 10,00,000 at Rs 15,00,000 and paid the balance to the firm by cheque.

(c) Ram, a third creditor for Rs 80,000 took over stock of book value of Rs 40,000 at Rs 30,000 and investments of Rs 48,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 48,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of G and H.


C and D were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2. On 28-2-2016 the firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders' liabilities to realization account you are given the following information :

(a) A creditor for Rs 2 00,000 accepted building of Rs 2,80,000 at Rs 2,20,000 and paid the firm Rs 20,000.

(b) A second creditor for Rs 75,000 accepted furniture at Rs 60,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) A third creditor amounting to Rs 80,000 accepted Rs 20,000 in cash and investments of the book value of Rs 65,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 7,500. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm assuming that all payments were made by cheque.


R and L were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 13:7. On 4-3-2016 their firm was dissolved. After transferring assets (other than cash) and outsiders liabilities to the realization account, you are given the following information :

(a) Subh, a creditor for Rs 4,90,000 accepted building at Rs 6,50,000 and paid the balance to the firm by a cheque.

(b) Sudha, a second creditor for Rs 1, 80,000 accepted machinery of the book value of Rs 1,80,000 at Rs 1,76,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(c) Sudhir, a third creditor for Rs 2,00,000 accepted investments of Rs 1,20,000 and a bank draft of Rs 79,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(d) Loss on dissolution was Rs 30,000. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm


Pass necessary journal entries on the dissolution of a partnership firm in the following cases :

1) Expenses of dissolution were Rs 9,000.

2) Expenses of dissolution Rs 3,400 were paid by a partner, Vishal

3) Shiv, a partner, agreed to do the work for dissolution for a commission of Rs 4,500. He also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 3,900 were paid from the firm's bank account.

4) Naveen, a partner, agreed to look after the dissolution work for which he was allowed a remuneration of Rs 3,000. Naveen also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual expenses on dissolution Rs 2,700 were paid by Naveen.

5) Vivek, a partner, was appointed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 7,000. He agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 6,500 were paid by Rishi, another partner, on behalf of Vivek.

6) Gaurav, a partner, was appointed to look after the work of dissolution for a commission of Rs 12,500. He agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Gaurav took over furniture of Rs 12,500 as his commission. The furniture had already been transferred to realisation account.


Pass necessary journal entries on the dissolution of a partnership firm in the following cases :

1) Expenses of dissolution Rs 500 were paid by John, a partner.

2) Joney, a partner, agreed to bear the dissolution expenses for a commission of 750. Actual dissolution expenses 650 were paid by Joney

3) Bony, partner agreed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 3,700. He also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 4,200 were paid by Bony from the firm’s cash.

4) Sony, a partner, was appointed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 10,000. Sony agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Sony took away stock worth Rs 10,000 as his remuneration. The stock had already been transferred to realisation account.

5) Vikky, a partner, agreed to look after the dissolution work for a remuneration of Rs 12,000. Vikky also agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses Rs 12,500 were paid by another partner, Clive, on behalf of Vikky.

6) Dissolution expenses were Rs 5,000


Prachi, Ritika and Ishita were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5 : 3: 2. In spite of repeated reminders by the authorities, they kept dumping hazardous material into a nearby river. The court ordered for the dissolution of their partnership firm on 31st March 2012. Prachi was deputed to realise the assets and pay the liabilities. She was aid Rs 1,000 as the commission for her services. The financial position of the firm was as follows:

Liabilities Rs Assets Rs

Creditors

Investment Fluctuation

Fund

Capitals

Prachi

Ritika

 

 

2,00,000

30,000

30,000

40,000

Furniture

Stock

Investments

Cash

Ishita's Capital

 

37,000

5,500

15,000

9,000

18,000

 

  84,500   84,500

Expenses incurred on a dissolution of a partnership firm.

Assets and liabilities are transferred to Realisation Account at their ______ value.


Uday and Prabhakar are partners sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 3/5 and 2/5 respectively. They dissolved their partnership firm on 31st March 2012 when their financial position was as under
Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2012
Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Sundry Creditors 15,000 Cash at bank 3,000
Uday’s Wife’s Loan 30,000      Debtors       67,500  
Capital A/c       (–) R.D.D.       7,500 60,000
  Uday 1,38,000 Stock 135000
  Prabhakar 90,000 Machinery 45000
    Furniture 30000
  2,73,000   2,73,000

The assets were realised as under:
Goodwill Rs. 15,000, Stock Rs. 1,20,000 and Debtors Rs. 54,000.
Machinery was taken over by Prabhakar at Rs. 40,000 and furniture by Uday at book value.
Uday agreed to discharge his wife’s loan.
The creditors were paid at a rebate of Rs. 3,000
The expenses of dissolution amounted to Rs. 6,000
Pass necessary Journal Entries in the books of the firm.



Moli, Bhola and Raj were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 3 : 4. Their partnership deed provided for the following :
(i) Interest on capital @ 5% p.a.
(ii) Interest on drawing @ 12% p.a.
(iii) Interest on partners' loan @ 6% p.a.
(iv) Moli was allowed an annual salary of Rs 4,000; Bhola was allowed a commission of 10% of net profit as shown by Profit and Loss Account and Raj was guaranteed a profit of Rs 1,50,000 after making all the adjustments as provided in the partnership agreement.
Their fixed capitals were Moli : Rs 5,00,000; Bhola : Rs 8,00,000 and Raj : Rs 4,00,000. On 1st April, 2016 Bhola extended a loan of Rs 1,00,000 to the firm. The net profit of the firm for the year ended 31st March, 2017 before interest on Bhola's loan was Rs 3,06,000.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of Moli, Bhola and Raj for the year ended 31st March, 2017 and their Current Accounts assuming that Bhola withdrew Rs 5,000 at the end of each month, Moli withdrew Rs 10,000 at the end of each quarter and Raj withdrew Rs 40,000 at the end of each half year.


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

Assets which are not recorded in the books of account.


Aniket Ltd issued 40,000 equity shares of ` 100 each payable as follows :

On application Rs  20
On allotment Rs 30
On first call Rs 30
On second call Rs 20

The company received applications for 50,000 equity shares. Allotment of shares was made on pro-rata basis. Excess application money were adjusted to allotment. Share allotment and calls were made and also received, except Mr. Sanish who was holding 1,000 shares failed to pay both the calls. His shares were forfeited after the second call.
Record the above transactions in the books of Aniket Ltd


Answer in one sentence only.

Who is called Insolvent person?


Answer in one sentence only.

In what proportion is the balance on Realisation Account transferred to Partners’ Capital / Current Accounts?


Answer in one sentence only.

Who should bear the capital deficiency of an insolvent partner?


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Debit balance of an insolvent Partner’s Capital Account.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statements.
Credit balance in Realisation Account.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Conversion of assets into cash on dissolution of firm.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Liability likely to arise in future on happening of certain events.


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

The account which shows realisation of assets and discharge of liabilities.


Write the word / term / phrase, which can substitute the following statement.
Expenses incurred on dissolution of a partnership firm.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

On dissolution Cash or Bank Account is closed automatically.


State whether the following statement is True or False.

On dissolution Bank Overdraft is transferred to Realisation Account.


State whether the following statements is True or False.

At the time of dissolution of Partnership Firm all assets should be transferred to Realisation A/c.


State whether the following statement is True or False.
At the time of dissolution loan from partner will be transferred to Realisation Account.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

Dissolution takes place when the relation among the partners comes to an end.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

The insolvency loss at the time of dissolution of the firm is shared by the solvent partners in their profit sharing ratio.


In case of dissolution assets and liabilities are transferred to ______ A/c.


Select the most appropriate alternative from those given below :

Realisation Account is __________on realisation of assets.


Select the most appropriate alternative from those given below :

All activities of the partnership firm cease (stop) on ____________ of firm.


Sushil and Sumit were in partnership sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 3/5 and 2/5 respectively. On 31st March, 2005 they decide to dissolve the firm when their Balance Sheet was as under:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2005

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)

Sushil’s Capital

20,000 Plant and Machinery 15,000
Sumit's Capital 18,000 Stock 15,000
General Reserve 5,000

Sundry Debtors

22,000
Sumit’s Loan A/c 2,000 Bank

3,000

Sundry Creditors 10,000    
  55,000   55,000

The Assets realised as follows: Stock Rs 14,000, Plant and Machinery Rs 12,000 and Debtors Rs 20,000. The Sundry Creditors were paid Rs 9,000 in full settlement.

Prepare: Realisation Account, Partners Capital Accounts and Bank Account.


Ganesh and Chandan were partners sharing profits and losses in the proportion of 3:2. They dissolve the partnership firm on 31st March, 2011 when their position was as follows:

               Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2011

Liabilities Amount
(Rs)
Assets Amount (Rs)
Sundry Creditors 25000 Debtors 112500 100000
Bank overdraft 20000 Less : R.D.D 12500
Reserve Fund 30000 Stock 225000
Capital Accounts:   Furniture 50000
Ganesh 230000 Motor Car 75000
Chandan 150000 Cash in hand 5000
  455000   455000

The Assets realised as follows: Debtors Rs 90,000, Stock Rs 2,00,000, and Goodwill Rs 25,000, Motor Car was taken over by Ganesh for Rs 70,000 and Furniture by Chandan for Rs 60,000.
The Creditors were paid Rs 22,500 in full settlement. The expenses of realisation amounted to Rs 10,000.

Pass necessary journal entries in the books of the firm.


Anil and Sunil were partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3: 2. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2009.

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2009
Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Account:   Bank 30,000
Anil 50,000 Stock 25,000
Sunil 30,000 Debtors 70,000
Current Account:   Plant 45,000
Anil 15,000 Building 35,000
Sunil 10,000    
Creditors 87,000    
Bills payable 13,000    
  2,05,000   2,05,000

The firm was dissolved on the above date and the assets realised as under:

1) Stock Rs 20,000, Debtors Rs 60,000, Plant Rs 40,000 and Building Rs 30,000.

2) Anil agreed to pay off the bills payable.

3) Creditors were paid in full.

4) Dissolution expenses were Rs 7,000. 

Prepare:
(i) Realisation Account
(ii) Bank Account
(iii) Current Account and Capital Account of the partners.


Gautam, Viral and Ashwin were Partners sharing profits and losses equally. Their Balance sheet as on 31st December, 2011 was as follows:

          Balance Sheet as on 31st December, 2011

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Accounts:   Building 73,900
Gautam 75000 Furniture 44,100
Virat 45000 Stock 25,400
Reserve Fund 27,000

Debtors

33,600
Creditors 48,500 Cash 15,000
Bank Loan 11,500 Ashwin’s Capital 15,000
  207000   207000

The firm was dissolved due to insolvency of Ashwin and the following was the result.

(i) The realisation of Assets were as follows:

a) The stock was completely damaged and could realise worth Rs 16,500 only.

b) Building was sold for Rs 49,800.

c) Furniture was realised by the firm at Rs 23,100 less than the book value.

d) A Customer who owes Rs 14,400 became insolvent and nothing could be recovered from his private estate.

(ii) Creditors were paid for Rs 36,900 in full settlement and Bank Loan was discharged fully.

(iii) The expenses of realisation Rs 4,100

(iv) Ashwin became insolvent and the firm could recover only Rs 4,000 from his private estate.

Prepare Realisation A/c, Partner’s Capital A/c and cash A/c to close the books of the firm.


Ganga, Yamuna and Godavari are in Partnership sharing profits and losses equally. Their Balance sheet as on 31st December, 2011 was as follows:

           Balance Sheet as on 31st December, 2011

Liabilities Amount (Rs) Assets Amount (Rs)
Capital Accounts   Currnet Accounts  
Ganga 25000 Yamuna 20000
Yamuna 10000 Godavari 4000
Godavari 5000 Premises 17200
Ganga’s Currnet A/c 3000 Machinery 10800
Sundry Creditors 4000 Debtors 9600
Bank loan 3000 Cash 6400
  50000   50000

Godavari was declared insolvent and hence the firm was dissolved as on that date. Premises was sold at Rs 14,800, Machinery realised Rs 6,400. Bad debts and discount allowed to Debtors amounted to Rs 1,600. Sundry creditors agreed to receive 80 paise in a rupee (Rs) in full satisfaction of their claim. Bank Loan was settled at 60% of book value. During the course of dissolution a liability under an action for damages was settled for Rs 1,400 against Rs 2,100 provided in the books of the firm. The expenses of realisation amounted to Rs 900. Goodwill contributed Rs 1,900 from her private Property.

Prepare necessary ledger accounts in the books of the firm.


State the difference between dissolution of partnership and dissolution of partnership firm.


Distinguish between firm’s debts and partner’s private debts.


Explain the process of dissolution of a partnership firm?


Land and Building (book value) ₹ 1,60,000 sold for ₹ 3,00,000 through a broker who charged 2% commission on the deal. Journalise the transaction, at the time of dissolution of the firm.


Ram, Laxman and Bharat were partners sharing profit and losses in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1. Following is the Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2016 :
                                  Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2016

Liabilities Amount
(Rs.)
Assets Amount
(Rs.)
Capital A/c :   Machinery 2,00,000
Ram  2,40,000 Stock 80,000
Laxman 80,000 Debtors          2,20,000  
Bharat 80,000 Less : R.D.D.    (12,000) 2,08,000
       
General Reserve 24,000 Investment 96,000
Creditors 1,92,000 Profit and Loss A/c 72,000
Bills Payable 56,000 Bank balance 16,000
       
  6,72,000   6,72,000

On the above date the partners decided to dissolve the firm:
(1) Assets were realised as under -

    Machinery Rs. 1,80,000
Stock Rs. 72,000
Investments Rs. 84,000
Debtors Rs. 1,80,000

(2) Dissolution expenses were Rs. 12,000.
(3) Goodwill of the firm realised 96,000
Prepare :
(1) Realisation Account
(2) Partner's Capital Account
(3) Bank Account


Manish and Co. Ltd. made an issue of 40000 equity shares of 20 each payable as follows :

Application                      ₹ 5 per share

Allotment                         ₹ 10 per share

First call                           ₹  3 per share

Second call and
final call                           ₹ 2 per share

The company received applications for 50000 share of which applications for 10000 shares were rejected and money refunded . All the shareholders paid upto second call except Sunita , the allotee of 400 shares , failed to pay the final call. the expenses of issuing amounted to ₹ 6000 .

Pass Journal entries in the books of Manish and Co . Ltd.


Rahul, Rohit and Ramesh were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:2:1 respectively. The Balance Sheet as on 31.03.2013 was as follows :
                               Balance Sheet as on 31st Mar, 2013

Liabilities
Amount
(Rs.)
Assets
Amount
(Rs.)
Amount
(Rs.)
Sundry Creditors 20,000 Cash at Bank   8000
Bills Payable 5,000
Debtors
16000  
General Reserve 6,000 Less : R.D.D. (1000) 15,000
Rahul’s Loan A/c 16,000 Stock   20,000
Capital Account   Plant and Machinery   30,000
Rahul 25,000 Furniture   6,000
Rohit 10,000 Ramesh’s Capital Account   3,000
  82000     82000
The firm was dissolved on the above date :
(1) Assets realised as follows:
Debtors Rs.  9,000, Plant and Machinery Rs. 26,000, Stock Rs.  14,000, and Furniture Rs.  3,000.
(2) The creditors were paid Rs. 18,000, in full settlement and the bills payable were paid in full.
(3) The realisation expenses amounted to Rs. 3,000.
(4) Ramesh became insolvent and was able to bring in only Rs. 1,800 from his private estate.
Prepare :
(1) Realisation account
(2) Partner’s capital account and
(3) Bank account.

Gaurav, Saurabh, and Vaibhav were partners in firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2: 2: 1. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March 2018. After transferring Sundry assets (other than cash in hand and cash at Bank) and third-party liabilities to realisation account, the assets were realized and liabilities were paid off as follows:

(i) A machinery with a book value of ₹ 6,00,000 was taken over by Gaurav at 50% and stock worth ₹ 5,000 was taken over by a creditor of ₹ 9,000 in full settlement of his claim.

(ii) Land and building (book value ₹ 3,00,000) were sold for ₹ 4,00,000 through a broker who charged 2% commission.

(iii) The remaining creditors were paid ₹ 76,000 in full settlement of their claim and the remaining assets were taken over by Vaibhav for ₹ 17,000.

(iv) Bank loan of ₹ 3,00,000 was paid along with interest of ₹ 21,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm.


Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

Credit balance of realisation Account.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

A solvent partner having debit balance to his Capital Account does not share the deficiency of insolvent partner Capital Account.


State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

At the time of the dissolution of partnership, all assets should be transferred to Realisation Account.


Vinod, Vijay, and Vishal are partners in a firm, sharing profit & Losses in the ratio 3:2:1. Vishal becomes insolvent and his capital deficiency is ₹ 6,000. Distribute the capital deficiency among the solvent partners.


Creditors ₹ 30,000, Bills Payable ₹ 20,000 and Bank Loan ₹ 10,000. Available Bank Balance ₹ 40,000 what will be the amount that creditors will get in case of all partner's insolvency.


Insolvent Partner Capital A/c debit side total is ₹ 10,000 and the credit side total is  ₹ 6,000. Calculate deficiency.


Insolvent partners capital A/c Debit side is ₹ 15,000 & insolvent partner brought cash ₹ 6,000. Calculate the amount of Insolvency Loss to be distributed among the solvent partners.


Seeta and Geeta are partners in the firm sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 4:1. They decided to dissolve the partnership on 31st March 2020 on which date their Balance Sheet stood as follows.

Balance Sheets as on 31st March 2020
Liabilities Amount ₹ Assets Amount ₹
Capital   Furniture 14,000
Seeta 90,000 Plant 65,000
Geeta 40,000 Trademark 8,000
Sundry Creditors 35,000 Sundry Debtors 48,000  
Bank Loan 15,000 Less - R. D. D 3,000 45,000
    Stock 30,000
    Cash in hand 10,000
    Advertisement Suspense 8,000
  1,80,000   1,80,000

Additional Information :

1. Plant and Stock taken over by Seeta ₹ 78,000, and ₹ 22,000 respectively

2. Debtors Realised 90% of the Book Value and Trademark at ₹ 5,000. and Goodwill was realised for ₹ 7,000.

3. Unrecorded assets estimated ₹4,500 was sold for ₹1,500.

4. ₹ 1,000 Discount were allowed by creditors while paying their claim.

5. The Realisation Expenses amounted to ₹ 3,500

You are required to prepare Realisation A/c, Cash A/c, and Partners Capital A/c


Sangeeta, Anita, and Smita were in partnership sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio 2: 2: 1. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 was as under:

Balance Sheets as on 31st March, 2019
Liabilities Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹)
Capital:   Land 2,10,000
Sangeeta 60,000 Plant 20,000
Anita 40,000 Goodwill 15,000
Smita 30,000 Debtors 1,25,000
Sangeeta’s Loan A/c 1,20,000 Loans and Advances 15,000
Sundry Creditors 1,20,000 Bank 5,000
Bills Payable 20,000    
  3,90,000   3,90,000

They decided to dissolve the firm as follows:

1. Assets realised as; Land recovered ₹ 1,80,000; Goodwill for ₹ 75,000; Loans and Advances realised ₹ 12,000; 10% of the Debts proved bad;

2. Sangeeta took Plant at book value.

3. Creditors and Bills payable paid at 5% discount.

4. Sangeeta’s Loan was discharged along with ₹ 6,000 as Interest.

5. There was a contingent liability in respect of bills of ₹ 1,00,000 which was under discount. Out of them, a holder of one bill of ₹ 20,000 became insolvent

Show Realisation Account, Partners Capital Account, and Bank Account.


Anita and Binita are partners in a firm. Anita had taken a loan of ₹ 15,000 from the firm. How will Anita’s loan be closed in the event of dissolution of the firm?


The dissolution of partnership may take place in the following ways?


A firm is dissolved with the consent of all the partners or in accordance with a contract between the partners is known as ______


On the basis of the following data, how much final payment will be made to a partner on firm's dissolution?

Credit balance of capital account of the partner was ₹ 50,000. Share of loss on realisation amounted to ₹ 10,000. Firm's liability taken over by him was for ₹ 8,000.


Pick the odd one out: (In reference to Dissolution partnership firm)


What Journal Entry will be passed on dissolution of partnership firm, when creditors of ₹ 40,000 accepted investments of ₹ 50,000 (Book value)?


Pick the odd one out.


On dissolution of the firm, ______ will be debited to the Realisation Account.


The court can make an order to dissolve the firm when ______.


At the time of dissolution of a firm, Creditors are ₹ 70,000; Firm’s Capital is ₹ 1,20,000; Cash Balance is ₹ 10,000. Other assets realised ₹ 1,50,000. Gain/Loss in the realisation account will be ______.


Charu, Dhwani, Iknoor and Paavni were partners in a firm. They had entered into partnership firm last year only, through a verbal agreement. They contributed Capitals in the firm and to meet other financial requirements, few partners also provided loan to the firm. Within a year, their conflicts arisen due to certain disagreements and they decided to dissolve the firm. The firm had appointed Ms. Kavya, who is a financial advisor and legal consultant, to carry on the dissolution process. In the first instance, Ms. Kavya had transferred various assets and external liabilities to Realisation A/c. Due to her busy schedule; Ms. Kavya has delegated this assignment to you, being an intern in her firm. On the date of dissolution, you have observed the following transactions:

  1. Dhwani’s Loan of ₹ 50,000 to the firm was settled by paying ₹ 42,000.
  2. Paavni’s Loan of ₹ 40,000 was settled by giving an unrecorded asset of ₹ 45,000.
  3. Loan to Charu of ₹ 60,000 was settled by payment to Charu’s brother loan of the same amount.
  4. Iknoor’s Loan of ₹ 80,000 to the firm and she took over Machinery of ₹ 60,000 as part payment.

You are required to pass necessary entries for all the above-mentioned transactions.


Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and 'Dissolution of Partnership Firm' on the basis of Termination of business.


A firm consisting of partners Mukund, Sachin and Yuvraj decided to dissolve the partnership They decided to take over certain assets and liabilities and continue the business separately. The Balance Sheet was as under.

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2020
Liabilities Amount
(₹)
Assets   Amount
(₹)
Capital A/c:     Furniture   2,000
 Mukund 55,000 89,000 Sundry Assets   34,000
 Sachin  20,000 Debtors 48,400 46,000
 Yuvraj 14,000 Less: RDD 2,400
Creditors   12,000 Stock   15,600
Loan   3,000 Cash   6,400
    1,04,000     1,04000

It was agreed as under:

  1. Mukund is to take Furniture at ₹ 1,600 and the Debtors amounting to ₹ 40,000 at ₹ 34,400 only. He accepted the Creditors on ₹ 12,000 at that figure.
  2. Sachin is to take over all Stock at ₹ 14,000 and Sundry Assets worth ₹ 16,000 at ₹ 14,400 only.
  3. Yuvraj is to take over the remaining Sundry Assets at ₹ 16,000 and assume the responsibility for the discharge of the loan together will accrued interest on a loan of ₹ 60. which has not been recorded in accounts.
  4. The dissolution expenses were ₹ 540.
  5. The remaining debtors realised only ₹ 4,200.
  6. The necessary adjustments were made by partners to settle their accounts.

Prepare Realisation Account, Partners Capital Account, and Cash Account, after giving effect to the above adjustments.


Complete the table.

Debit side total of
Realisation A/c
Credit side total of
Realisation A/c
Loss on
Realisation
 ₹ 20,000 ₹ 4,000

Pass the necessary journal entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of the partnership firm of Tina and Rina after various assets (other than cash) and external liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account:

  1. An unrecorded asset of ₹ 18,000 was taken over by Tina at ₹ 16,000.
  2. Rina agreed to pay her brother's loan of ₹ 23,000.
  3. Stock of ₹ 30,000 was taken over by a creditor of ₹  40,000 in full settlement.
  4. Expenses of dissolution ₹  40,000 were paid by Rina. 
  5. Creditors were paid ₹ 18,800 in full settlement of their account of ₹  20,000.
  6. Tina's loan of ₹  15,000 was paid through a cheque.

Pass the necessary journal entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of the partnership firm of Tanay and Mehak after various assets (other than cash) and external liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account:

  1. Creditors of ₹ 60,000 accepted stock valued at ₹ 59,000 in full settlement of their claim.
  2. Tanay agreed to pay off his wife's loan of ₹ 12,000.
  3. The firm had a debit balance of ₹ 18,000 in the profit and loss account on the date of dissolution. 
  4. An unrecorded liability of ₹ 20,000 was paid by partner, Mehak, at a discount of 10%.
  5. Tanay's loan of ₹ 4,000 was paid through a cheque.
  6. Expenses on dissolution amounted to ₹ 11,000 which were paid by Mehak. 

Aditya, Abhinav and Ankit were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4: 3 : 3. On 31st March, 2022, the firm was dissolved. Aditya was appointed to complete the dissolution process for which he was allowed a remuneration of ₹ 42,000. Aditya also agreed to bear dissolution expenses. Actual expenses on dissolution amounted to ₹ 33,000 which were paid by Aditya. Aditya’s Capital Account will be credited by: 


Pass necessary Journal Entries for the following transactions on the dissolution of a partnership firm of Mita and Sonu on 31st March, 2022 after the various assets other than cash and third party liabilities have been transferred to the Realisation Account.

  1. Creditors of ₹ 90,000 took over Land and Building of ₹ 2,00,000 in full settlement of their claim.
  2. Sonu took over debtors amounting to ₹ 50,000 at ₹ 40,000.
  3. Realisation expenses ₹ 1,800 were paid by Sonu.
  4. A machine which was not recorded in the books was taken over by Mita at ₹ 11,000 while its expected market value was ₹ 15,000.
  5.  Sortu agreed to pay off his wife's loan of ₹ 20,000.
  6. Profit on dissolution amounted at ₹ 50,000.

A, B and C are in partnership business. A used ₹ 2,00,000 belonging to the firm without the information to other partners and made a profit of ₹ 35,000 by using this amount. Which decision should be taken by the firm to rectify this situation?


On the day of dissolution of the firm ‘Roop Brothers’ had partner’s capital amounting to ₹ 1,50,000 external liabilities ₹ 35,000, Cash balance ₹ 8,000 and P & L A/c (Dr.) ₹ 7,000. If Realisation expense and loss on Realisation amounted to ₹ 5,000 and ₹ 25,000 respectively, the amount realised by sale of assets is ______.


Sun and Kiran are partners sharing profits and losses equally. They decided to dissolve their firm. Assets and Liabilities have been transferred to Realisation Account. Pass necessary Journal entries for the following:

  1. All partners are agreed that the process of realisation at the time dissolution will be accomplished by Sun for which he will be paid ₹ 10,000 along with the amount of expense which amounted to 2% of total value realised from the Assets on dissolution. Some assets were sold for Cash at a cumulative Value of ₹ 12,00,000 and the remaining were taken over by creditors at a valuation of ₹ 3,00,000.
  2. Deferred Advertisement Expenditure A/c appeared in the books at ₹ 28,000.
  3. Out of the Stock of ₹ 1,20,000; Kiran (a partner) took over 1/3 of the stock at a discount of 25% and 50% of remaining stock was took over by a Creditor of ₹ 30,000 in full settlement of his claim. Balance amount of stock realized at ₹ 25,000.
  4. An outstanding bill for repairs and renewal of ₹ 3,000 was settled through an unrecorded asset which was valued at ₹ 10,000. Balance being settled in Cash.

Amul and Anand are partners in the firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 4 : 1. They decided to dissolve the partnership on 31st March, 2023 on which date their Balance Sheet stood as follows:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023
Liabilities Amount (₹) Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹) Amount (₹)
Capital:     Furniture   19,600
Amul 1,26,000 1,82,000 Plant   91,000
Anand 56,000 Trademark   11,200
Sundry Creditors   49,000 Sundry Debtors 67,200  
Bank Loan   21 ,000 Less: R.D.D. 4,200 63,000
      Stock   42,000
      Cash in Hand   14,000
      Advertisement Suspense   11,200
    2,52,000     2,52,000

Additional Information:

(1) Plant and Stock taken over by Amul at ₹ 1,09,200 and ₹ 30,800 respectively.

(2) Debtors realised 90% of the book value and Trademark at ₹ 7,000 and Goodwill was realised for ₹ 37,800.

(3) Unrecorded assets estimated ₹ 6,300 was sold for ₹ 2,100.

( 4) ₹ 1,400 Discount were allowed by creditors while paying their claim.

(5) The Realisation expenses amounted to ₹ 4,900.

You are required to prepare Realisation A/c, Cash A/c and Partner's Capital A/cs.


Vinay, Premal and Monil were in partnership sharing profits and losses in the ratio 2 : 2 : 1. They decided to dissolve their partnership firm on 31st March, 2023 and their Balance Sheet on that date stood as:

Balance Sheet as on 31st March, 2023
Liabilities Amount (₹) Amount (₹) Assets Amount (₹) Amount (₹)
Capital :     Plant   2,40,000
Vinay 1,80,000 3,60,000 Debtors   90,000
Premal 1,20,000 Stock   1,50,000
Monil 60,000      
Loan   24,000      
Sundry Creditors   18,000      
Bank Overdraft   78,000      
    4,80,000     4,80,000

It was agreed that:

(1) Vinay to discharge Loan and to take Debtors at book value.

(2) Plant realised ₹ 2, 70,000.

(3) Stock realised ₹1,44,000.

( 4) Creditors were paid off at a discount of ₹ 90.

Show Realisation Account, Partner's Capital Accounts and Bank Account.


______ means winding-up of partnership firm.


Mita and Sita, sharing profits in, the ratio 2 : 1, decided to dissolve their partnership firm on 31st March, 2022, on which date their Balance Sheet was as under:

Balance Sheet of Mita and Sita
as on 31st March, 2022
Liabilities   (₹) Assets   (₹)
Sundry Creditors   40,000 Land & Building   29,000
Sita's Son's Loan   2,000 Plant & Machinery   20,000
Bank Overdraft   8,000 Stock   3,000
Capital Accounts:     Debtors 26,400 26,000
Mita  20,000 30,000 Less: Provision for
Doubtful Debts
400
Sita 10,000 Bank   2,000
    80,000     80,000

The partnership firm was dissolved on the date of the Balance Sheet subject to the following adjustments:

  1. Trade creditors accepted plant and machinery at an agreed valuation of 10% less than the book value and the balance in cash in full settlement of their claims.
  2. Debtors of ₹ 1,000 proved bad.
  3. Sita took over the stock at a discount of 20%.
  4. Realisation expenses of ₹ 1,100 were paid by the firm.

You are required to prepare the Realisation Account.


Read the following hypothetical situation and answer question on the basis of the same.

Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profit in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capital are ₹1,80,000; ₹1,60,000 and ₹2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The average number of months for which interest on drawings will be calculated, will be:


Nitya, Shreya and Ishita are partners in a firm. They share profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. Their fixed capitals are ₹ 1,80,000; ₹ 1,60,000 and ₹ 2,00,000 respectively. For the year ending 31st March, 2022, Nitya withdrew ₹ 7,500 at the end of every quarter.

The average number of months for which interest on drawings will be calculated, will be:


Choose the correct order in which a partnership firm, at the time of its dissolution, will apply the amount realised from the sale of its assets, including any amount contributed by the partners, towards the payment of:

P: Partners' loan

Q: Firm's debts

R: Balance of partners' capital

S: Surplus divided amongst the partners in their profit-sharing ratio


Assertion: A revaluation account is prepared at the time of dissolution of a partnership.

Reason: A revaluation account is prepared to determine the net gain/loss on realisation of assets and settlement of liabilities.

Which one of the following is correct?


A firm having a debtor of ₹ 30,000 from whom the amount was due on 30th June, 2023, gets dissolved on 31st March, 2023. The debtor cleared his dues on the date of dissolution of the firm at a discount of 4% per annum.

Give the journal entry passed by the firm to realise the payment from the debtor.


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