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Draw Ray Diagrams for the Cases of Images Obtained in Concave Mirrors as Described in the Table Below. - Science and Technology

Answer in Brief

Draw ray diagrams for the cases of images obtained in concave mirrors as described in the table below. 

                   Images formed by concave mirrors 
No. Position of the object Position of the image Nature of image Size of the image
1 Between pole and focus  Behind the mirror  Erect, virtual  Magnified
2 At the focus  At infinity  Inverted, real  Very large
3 Between focus and centre of curvature Beyond the centre of curvature Inverted, real  Magnified
4 At the centre of 
curvature 
At the centre of curvature Inverted, real  Same as the object
5 Beyond the centre of curvature Between the centre of curvature and focus Inverted, real  Diminished
6 At a very large 
 (infinite) distance 
At focus Inverted, real  Point image
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Solution

I. When the object is at infinity

The light rays coming from infinity are parallel. When parallel light rays are incident on the reflecting surface of a concave mirror, they tend to meet at its focus after reflection. In this case, the image is formed at the focus, and is point-sized.

II. When the object is behind the centre of curvature

In this case, the image is formed between the focus (F) and the centre of curvature (C). This image is real, inverted and diminished.

III. When the object is at the centre of curvature

In this case, the image is formed at the centre of curvature. This image is real, inverted and of the same size as the object.

IV. When the object is between the centre of curvature (C) and the focus (F)

In this case, the image is formed behind the centre of curvature. This image is real, inverted and magnified.

V. When the object is at the focus (F)

In this case, the image is formed at infinity. This image is real, inverted and highly enlarged.

VI. When the object is placed between the focus (F) and the pole (P)

In this case, the image is formed behind the mirror. This image is virtual, erect and magnified.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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APPEARS IN

Balbharati Science and Technology 9th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 11 Reflection of Light
Exercise | Q 3 | Page 127
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