Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 12th Board Exam
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Distinguish Between Water Transport and Air Transport - Organisation of Commerce and Management

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Distinguish Between

Distinguish between  Water Transport and Air Transport

Distinguish between  Water Transport and Road Transport

Distinguish between  Road Transport and Air Transport

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Solution

Sr.

No.

Basis of Difference

Water Transport

Air Transport

Road Transport

 

1.

 

   Speed

It is slowest mode of transport.

It is the fastest mode of transport.

Road transport has limited speed due to bad road conditions, accidents, etc.

 

2.

carrying capacity

It has a very huge carrying capacity.

It has limited carrying capacity.

It has limited carrying capacity.

 

3.

Cost of construction and maintenance.

It uses waterways which are natural high-ways and hence there is no cost involved. However, there is high cost involved for construction of ships and ports.

It uses airways which are natural and hence there is no cost involved. However, there is high cost involved for construction of aircrafts and airports.

It requires limited capital investment in terms of construction of road, vehicles and their maintenance.

 

4.

 

Distance

Suitable for long distances especially across countries and continents.

Suitable for long distances.

Recommended for short distance.

 

5.

 

Transport charges

Transport charges are lowest.

Transport charges are the very high.

Transport charges are not fixed but are high due to increased fuel prices.

 

6.

 

Suitability

It is suitable for transporting very heavy goods, machineries in large quantities to any part of the world.

It is suitable for transporting light weight perishable and valuable goods to any part of the world.

 

 

7.

Means of transport

It uses boats, big ships, liners, tankers. Etc.

It uses aircrafts, helicopters, jets, etc.

It uses animal’s carts, motor-cycles three and four wheelers.

 

8.

 

Ownership

It is owned by both private sector as well as public sector.

It is owned by both private sector as well as public sector.

Ownership is in the hands of private parties.

 

9.

 

Safety 

Goods are safe as they are specially packed.

Goods are safe as they are more specially packed.

It provides limited safety to goods from sun, rain, wind, etc

10.

Door to door service

It is suitable for transporting very heavy goods, machineries in large quantities to any part of the world.

 

It provides door to door service.

Concept: Role of Transport
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