Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 12th Board Exam
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Distinguish between the following. Share and Debenture - Secretarial Practice

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Distinguish Between

Distinguish between the following.

Share and Debenture

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Shares Debentures
1. Meaning
It is the smallest unit in the total share capital of the company. A debenture is an instrument under seal evidencing the debt.
2. Nature
It is permanent capital. It is not repaid during the lifetime of the company. It is a temporary capital. Generally, it is repaid after a specific period.
3. Status
Share capital is ownership capital. A shareholder is the owner of the company. Debenture capital is borrowed/loan capital. A debenture holder is a creditor of the company.
4. Voting rights
Shareholder being owner enjoys voting rights. Shareholders participate in the management of the company. The debenture holder being the company’s creditor does not have any Voting rights. He can not participate in the management of the company.
5. Return on investment
Shareholders are paid a dividend. Equity shareholders receive a dividend at a fluctuating rate whereas preference shareholders receive a dividend at a fixed rate. Debenture holders are paid interest at fixed rate. Interest is paid even when the company has no profit.
6. Security
Share capital is unsecured capital. No Security is offered to the shareholder. Debenture capital being loan capital is secured by creating a charge on its property.
7. Time of issue
Shares are issued in the initial stage of the company. Debentures can be issued at a later stage when the company has securities to offer.
9. Position on liquidation
On liquidation of a company, shareholders rank last in the list of claimants. Debenture holders being creditors rank prior to shareholders for repayment on liquidation of the company.
10. Suitability
Shares are suitable for long-term finance. Debentures are suitable for medium-term finance.
Concept: Sources of Corporate Finance
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Balbharati Secretarial Practice 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 2 Sources of Corporate Finance
Exercises | Q 4. 2. | Page 38
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