Distinguish between a sigma and a pi bond.
The following are the differences between sigma and pi-bonds:
|Sigma (σ) Bond||Pi (π) Bond|
|It is formed by the end to end overlap of orbitals||It is formed by the lateral overlap of orbitals.|
|The orbitals involved in the overlapping are s–s, s–p, or p–p||These bonds are formed by the overlap of p–p orbitals only|
|It is a strong bond.||It is weak bond.|
|The electron cloud is symmetrical about the line joining the two nuclei.||The electron cloud is not symmetrical.|
|It consists of one electron cloud, which is symmetrical about the internuclear axis.||There are two electron clouds lying above and below the plane of the atomic nuclei.|
|Free rotation about σ bonds is possible.||Rotation is restricted in case of pi-bonds|
Is there an error in this question or solution?
Solution Distinguish Between a Sigma and a Pi Bond. Concept: Hybridisation - Types of Hybridisation.