Distinguish Between Prokaryotic and Enkaryotic Cells - Science

Distinguish Between

 Distinguish between prokaryotic and enkaryotic cells


Solution 1

Prokaryotic cell Eukaryotic Cell
1. Size of a cell is generally small (1– 10 mm). 1. Size of a cell is generally large (5 – 100 mm)
2. Nucleus is absent (Nuclear region or nucleoid is not surrounded by a nuclear membrane). 2. Nucleas is present (Nuclear material is surrounded by a nuclear membrane).
3. It contains single chromosome.  3. It contains more than one chromosome.
4. Nucleolus is absent. 4. Nucleolus is present.
5. Membrane bound cell organelles are absent. 5. Membrane bound cell organelles such as mitochondria, plastids, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, peroxisomes, etc., are present.
6. Cell division takes place by fission or budding (no mitosis). 6. Cell division occurs by mitotic or meiotic cell division

Solution 2

  • Prokaryotic cell:
  1. Its diameter ranges from 1 to 2 micron
  2. Absence of membrane-bound organelles
  3. Nucleus consisting of no nuclear membrane
  4. Absence of nucleoli
  • Eukaryotic cell:
  1. Its diameter ranges from 10 to 100 micron
  2. Presence of membrane-bound organelles
  3. True nucleus consisting of the nuclear membrane
  4. Presence of nucleoli
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Fill in the gaps in the following table illustrating differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

  Prokaryotic cell Eukaryotic cell
1. Size: generally small ( 1-10 µm) 1 µm = 10-6 m Size: generally large (5-100 µm)
2. Nuclear region: ______________and is known as____ Nuclear region: well-defined and surrounded by a nuclear membrane
3. Chromosome: single More than one chromosome
4. Membrane-bound cell organelles are absent  _______________________________

How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?

How does an Amoeba obtain its food?

Draw a well labelled diagram of typical prokaryotic cell?

Write main differences between plant and animal cells.

Distinguish between the following pairs of science :
Prokaryotes and eukaryotes

What do you mean by prokaryotic cells?

the question has four options. Choose the correct answer:

A prokaryotic cell doesn't have

Most organelles in an eukaryotic cell is found in the

Prokaryotes were the first form of life on earth.

Match the following

1. Control center Energy producer
2. Food producer (Plant cell) Mitochondria
3. Gate of the nucleus Nucleus
4. Gate of the cell Chloroplasts
5. Energy producer Nuclear membrane


Prokaryote : Bacteria :: Eukaryote :_______

What type of cells do we have?

Give any three examples of eukaryotic cell?

Which one is the prokaryotic cell among the following?

The habitat of Escherichia coli bacteria is ______.

Give two examples of prokaryotic cells?

Define Prokaryotic cells.

Identify the correct statement.

Amoeba and Paramecium belong to which category of organisms?


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