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Distinguish Between Esterification and Saponification Reactions of Organic Compounds. - Science

Question

Distinguish between esterification and saponification reactions of organic compounds.

Solution

Esterification reaction is the reaction between carboxylic acids and alcohols. In such reactions, esters get formed. Esters are sweet-smelling organic compounds with the general formula RCOOR. The general reaction for esterification reaction is:

Alcohol and carboxylic acid can be re-obtained from an ester by treating it with an acid or a base. This reaction is used in the preparation of soaps and is known as saponification reaction.

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Distinguish Between Esterification and Saponification Reactions of Organic Compounds. Concept: Soaps and Detergents.
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